Center for American Progress Takes on Climate Change, Migration, and Why They Matter to U.S. National Security›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, July 19, 2012In early 2012, the Center for American Progress (CAP) released Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict: Addressing Complex Crisis Scenarios in the 21st Century. Although generally in line with climate-migration pieces before it (“It is difficult to fully understand the detailed causes of migration and economic and political instability, but the growing evidence of links between climate change, migration, and conflict raise plenty of reasons for concern”), the report strays from the usual by focusing on U.S. national security interests and four particular sub-regions of concern.MORE
The first region examined – and the one perhaps most on the radar of security analysts at the moment – is Northwest Africa. Here the already-tenuous political stability left in the wake of the Arab Spring will most certainly be exacerbated by climate change, authors Michael Werz and Laura Conley write. “Northwest Africa is crisscrossed with climate, migration, and security challenges…rising coastal sea level, desertification, drought, and the numerous other potential effects of climate change have the potential to increase the numbers of migrants.” All of these factors combine to create what Werz and Conley define as an “arc of tension,” that will strengthen organizations that thrive on chaos, like Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, which has already taken advantage of the regional power vacuum left by Muammar Gaddafi’s ouster.
CAP investigates this arc of tension more fully in a more focused, separate brief on Northwest Africa, drilling down on Nigeria, Niger, Algeria, and Morocco. They find that these countries already grapple with a complex set of issues, including population pressures, drought, land degradation, large-scale migration, and natural resource conflicts. Climate change exacerbates all of these. Particularly worrying is the threat it poses to traditional pastoral and agricultural livelihoods, which could translate into “increasing numbers of disenfranchised youth, who security experts believe are more easily recruited to assist [terrorist groups] in return for money and food.”
remains an open – and hotly debated – problem for researchers. The multi-faceted nature of migration, in particular, makes it hard to define the exact causes of movement.
On a larger scale, flagging the environment as the principal reason for migration has its problems, especially under the umbrella of “refugee” status. According to respected migration experts, using the term “refugee” in the case of environmental or climate scenarios is incorrect, since the environment is often simply one “push” factor, while economic opportunities make for a heavier “pull.” Furthermore, applying the term refugee in this case, they say, is misleading and undermines true political refugees.
CAP uses the less polarizing term “climate migrants” in their paper, saying “no universally accepted concepts, much less legal categories, exist to describe or define climate migrants. There is agreement, however, that factors such as drought, flooding, severe weather, and environmental degradation can cause human mobility in large numbers that are certain to increase in the near future.”
In a case like Bangladesh and India, the second sub-region to be examined, the international community is preoccupied with rising sea levels, which is considered a more concrete example of climate change affecting migration. Ultimately, as CAP notes, it’s also a security issue:
In December 2008 the National Defense University in Washington, D.C., ran an exercise that explored the impact of a flood that sent hundreds of thousands of refugees into neighboring India. The result: the exercise predicted a new wave of migration would touch off religious conflicts, encourage the spread of contagious diseases, and cause vast damage to infrastructure.While true that India is “not in a position to absorb climate-induced pressures,” as Werz and Conley write, it’s not quite true that “foreign climate migrants” would be necessarily be an immediate problem, as they suggest.
India has a history of taking in Bangladeshi migration, with an estimated 10 to 20 million illegal Bangladeshis currently living in India, according to the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, an Indian think tank. Traditionally, Bangladeshis have migrated for a myriad of socioeconomic reasons, but most alluring are land availability and a stronger Indian economy. In any case, Bangladesh-India migration would not be new phenomenon.
The environment has also been a part of the equation, but in the case of large-scale sea level rise, its effect on migration can be a bit more nuanced. As the International Food Policy Research Institute noted in its study “Environmental Migrants: A Myth?,” Bangladeshis often have “risk-sharing and informal lending arrangements” to deal with idiosyncratic shocks, which include flooding. Instead, crop failure actually has the strongest effect on mobility. This suggests that it’s not just sea level rise that observers worried about environmentally-driven migration need to track in Bangladesh, but also drought and rain-induced flooding.
The third region, the Andes of South America, also suffers from a slightly myopic security lens. Here, it’s all about melting glaciers and snowcaps. Retreating glaciers would spell disaster for countries which rely heavily on seasonal melt for agriculture and hydroelectric power. Most vulnerable are those with weak governance systems and infrastructure like Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Colombia. For reference, hydropower supplies a whopping 80 percent of Peru’s electricity. However, there are more subtle impacts that could portend bigger trouble for the region.
Regional security experts concede that higher temperatures are already affecting crop production in rural Colombia, harming the ability to consolidate the security gains made by Plan Colombia over the last decade, for example. And a recent report from EUROCLIMA, the European Union’s program on climate change in Latin America, paints an even bleaker picture for agricultural production in the face of desertification and drought:
Natural ecosystems, agriculture, water resources, and human health in Latin America have been impacted by unusual extreme weather events reported in the past years. For example, droughts related to El Niño impacts on the flows of the Colombia Andean region basins (particularly in the Cauca river basin), are causing a 30 percent reduction in the mean flow, with a maximum of 80 percent loss in some tributaries. Consequently, soil moisture, and vegetation activity are strongly reduced.Perhaps more worrying is the impact on the biodiversity in the region. Considering that Latin America represents 16 percent of the world’s surface but 40 percent of its biodiversity this could have serious implications for the biomedical field and others. In a recent Nature study, scientists discovered that in situations where glacial coverage is reduced to the point where it only covers 30 to 50 percent of the drainage basin, several species begin to disappear. They calculated that the entire melting of the glaciers in these areas would result in a huge loss of biodiversity, where between 11 and 38 percent of animal and plant species could go extinct, including many of endemic species that can be found only in these areas.
China and the Third Pole
Finally, China is now in its fourth decade of ever-growing internal migration, some of it driven in recent years by environmental change. Today, across its vast territory, China continues to experience the full spectrum of climate change-related consequences that have the potential to drive migration. CAP finds that the consequences of climate change and continued internal migration in China include “water stress; increased droughts, flooding, or other severe events; increased coastal erosion and saltwater inundation; glacial melt in the Himalayas that could affect hundreds of millions; and shifting agricultural zones” – all of which will affect food supplies and the country’s seemingly relentless pace of development. Still, the most unique factor of migration in China is the power of the central government to be the main “push factor,” as in the case of the Three Gorges Dam.
Agreeing to Agree
Though they might sacrifice some nuance in the regional breakdowns, the core of CAP’s argument for why climate migration matters to U.S. national security is solid. The United States has a “vested interest in helping ensure that areas with weak or absent governance structures – where poverty, environmental degradation, and grievances over central governments and energy production coincide – do not become future recruiting grounds for extremists,” write Werz and Conley. “The possible impacts of climate-related migration in such fragile situations could be destabilizing.” Invest in people rather than just military might; invest in poverty reduction, economic development, and alternative livelihoods.
Jon Barnett on migration as adaptation
In the context of climate change, this means accepting that migration is a form of adaptation. As Jon Barnett notes in an interview with ECSP:
In some circumstances it might be appropriate to [invest in traditional adaptation projects like] infrastructure and hard options where we’re very certain about the nature of the risk…but in other cases, expanding the range of choices and freedoms and opportunities that people have to deal with climate change in the future is perhaps the better strategy.This requires higher-level thinking by states to concede that migration will happen and it isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Migration bolsters origin communities through remittances and education and technology sharing. But this thinking has yet to permeate policymaking, with obvious political reasons. Until then, states that are committed to preventing migration are actually cutting off important community responses.
Ultimately, what we consider adaptation and development needs to evolve. By investing in an integrated, multi-sector development approach, we can prevent violent responses to migration at the source rather than relying on reactionary and military solutions. Or, as CAP’s Michael Werz and Laura Conley put it more boldly, “our security can no longer be guaranteed by military strength or economic clout alone, but only by our ability to compel collective action.”
Photo credit: “Villagers going to the local market in Bogoro walk past a Bangladeshi patrol unit of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) as the country prepares for the second round of elections. 12/Oct/2006. UN Photo/Martine Perret,” courtesy of United Nations Photo Flickr.
Sources: Center for American Progress, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, Inter-American Development Bank, International Food Policy Research Institute, Nature, The World Bank.
Video Credit: “The Nexus of Climate Change, Migration and Security,” courtesy of the Center for American Progress. Image: “The Arc of Tension,” courtesy of the Center for American Progress.
Taking Stock of Past and Current Demographic Trends›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, March 29, 2012ECSP is at London’s 2012 Planet Under Pressure conference following all of the most pertinent population, health, and security events.
“Demography is a science of assumptions,” said Sarah Harper, a demographer at the University Oxford, during a panel at the Planet Under Pressure conference. Thirty years ago, she said, demographers believed the world would reach 24 billion by 2050, now the latest UN median projections predict 10 billion. That means a lot of progress has been made for families and development as a whole, but there are some obstacles yet.MORE
Harper stressed that the development community should focus on parts of the world with stubbornly high fertility rates, particularly sub-Saharan Africa. If total fertility rates came down there by 2050, below the expected four children per woman, the region could be home to as many as a billion fewer people than current projections. The earlier we acknowledge this growth, the easier it will be to offer interventions like family planning and reproductive health to hedge it, she said.
Additionally, demographers need worry about important changes in modern population and environment dynamics.
As Harper notes in an interview with ECSP (video below):
There has been so much hype around population growth that I think we’ve ignored the other characteristics of population…that it’s changing in its density – we’re all becoming more urban; it’s changing in its distribution – we’re becoming more mobile; and it’s also changing in its composition – the world is getting older.Sir John Sulston of the Royal Society agreed: population is a more-nuanced subject than many can digest. “Population has been much too ignored because it’s difficult,” he said.
I think it’s very clear that these changes are going to interact with the environment and be affected by environmental change but are also going to impact upon future environmental change.
Sulston urged us to look not just at the diversity of the world, but also the inequity. Today, there is “inequity in countries, between countries, and between generations.”
There is no silver bullet – the international community need to look at three components in concert if we want to make a difference, he said: first, bring down infant mortality; second, invest in family planning; and third, emphasize education for women.
When the ECSP delegation isn’t attending plenary and breakout sessions here at the conference, we’re manning our Wilson Center information booth. And over the last few days, we’ve had the pleasure of introducing our work to a number of new faces, including curious faculty, energetic students, and hopeful doctoral candidates. If you’re attending please feel free to stop by.
Expect more updates from East London, including more short video interviews, in the next three days as ECSP highlights the unique perspectives coming out of the Planet Under Pressure conference.
Pictures from the event are available on our Facebook and Flickr pages, and you can join the conversation on Twitter (#Planet2012) or watch the livestream here.
Photo Credit: Sean Peoples/Woodrow Wilson Center,
Demography, Climate in the Spotlight at Planet Under Pressure›By Kayly Ober // Tuesday, March 27, 2012London’s 2012 Planet Under Pressure conference, on all things global change – including climate, population, global risks, and food security – kicked off with a bang on March 26 and ECSP was there to cover it. We’ll be here throughout the week following all of the most pertinent population, health, and security events – we invite you to visit our booth if you happen to be in London, join the conversation on Twitter (#Planet2012), and/or watch the livestream.MORE
During the opening plenaries, UK Scientific Advisor and all-around environmental all-star Sir John Beddington was the first to introduce population into the discussion.
Speaking on “The Planet in 2050” panel, Beddington immediately noted that really 2050 is too far out and instead we should focus on the next two decades. Within these 20 years the trajectory of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change will be determined by the extent and manner of urbanization and demographic changes, particularly in Africa.
“How are we going to generate an infrastructure to feed 500 million Africans in the next 13 years?” Beddington asked.
Beddington’s talk could be considered a rejoinder to his famous “perfect storm” analogy, outlined in The Guardian in 2009:
Our food reserves are at a 50-year low, but by 2030 we need to be producing 50 percent more food. At the same time, we will need 50 percent more energy, and 30 percent more freshwater.In a later session, “Securing Global Biodiversity,” Simon Stuart, chair of the species survival commission of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), expanded on this “perfect storm” analogy.
There are dramatic problems out there, particularly with water and food, but energy also, and they are all intimately connected. You can’t think about dealing with one without considering the others. We must deal with all of these together.
He agreed that the global challenge of our day hinged on how human needs add pressures to the natural environment. Rising demand for energy, food, and freshwater not only influences climate change but also exerts unprecedented pressure on soil quality and biodiversity.
But although we’re impeded by major challenges, including “unsustainable economic models,” a lack of public support, and a massive need for investment in conservation, we have made some strides, Stuart said. The Convention on Biological Diversity’s strategic plan for biodiversity, established in 2010, sets 20 targets for biodiversity conservation by 2020. Stuart believes this is the beginning of acknowledging the urgency of addressing the threat to biodiversity.
Tim Coulson, professor of population biology at Imperial College London, compared the efficiency of either reducing fertility rates or per capita consumption to determine the best way to reduce humanity’s impact on the planet.
Coulson ran two simple simulations using India and the United States as case studies. In one model, he changed fertility rates by one percent per year for 50 years. In the other, he decreased per capita consumption by one percent per year for 50 years. What he found in both cases was that decreasing per capita consumption achieved the most rapid change in human impact on the environment. Nevertheless, he acknowledged that a longer-term course of action of declining fertility rates was needed to keep impact stable.
Readers beware, however – this type of experiment is an incredibly simplified exercise in the intersection of people and the environment. A more varied set of scenarios would produce more useful results. As Beddington mentioned, populations in sub-Saharan Africa have both the highest growth rates and the most direct impact on the environment due to their higher reliance on natural resources for livelihoods.
And, perhaps most importantly, as one commentator noted, these scenarios do not take into account cost factors. For instance, in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through more energy efficient buildings and transport, the United States would need to invest $1.1 trillion through 2030. Alternatively, the cost to provide for the 215 million women in developing countries who want to avoid pregnancy but are not using an effective means of contraception is estimated at $3.6 billion. Using the “wedge” climate model, meeting unmet family planning needs would be equivalent to the amount of greenhouse gas emissions saved by converting entirely to electric vehicles – at a fraction (about five percent) of the cost.
Stay tuned for more updates from ECSP at the Planet Under Pressure Conference. We’ll also be posting pictures from the conference to our Facebook and Flickr pages.
Video Credit: “Welcome to the Anthropocene,” commissioned by the Planet Under Pressure Conference.
Richard Black: Future Climate-Migration Interactions Will Stress Cities, “Trap” Vulnerable Populations›By Kayly Ober // Monday, January 30, 2012“In a 50 year time span, climate change, in particular, is likely to have a quite a strong impact on the drivers of migration,” said Richard Black, professor of human geography at University of Sussex and lead author of Migration and Global Environmental Change: Future Challenges and Opportunities. “But in a way that is different to what has been understood until now.”MORE
The report, produced by the UK Government Office for Science’s Foresight Programme, makes some important distinctions, however. First, Black said, we must understand that “migration is already occurring in the world, and whilst many people are likely to leave areas that are of environmental risks, many millions of people are currently moving towards areas of environmental risk,” particularly in Asia but also in Africa where many urban centers are in low-elevation coastal zones.
Second, “many millions of people do not migrate…and indeed are sometimes unable to do so,” Black pointed out. “One of the consequences of climate change is that it will be likely that poorer people in many parts of the world will be even less able to move.” These “trapped” populations are often located in dryland areas which “dominate many of the world’s poorest countries, including Africa and Central Asia,” the report reads.
What does this mean for policymakers? According to Black, there are two key implications of the report:
- Given there continues to be movement of people to areas of environmental risk, the policy community, particularly the international development community, should begin to focus more on large urban cities. “Cities in poor countries are already failing their citizens in the provision of water and adequate shelter,” he said, and migration will only intensify these problems.
- “Not only is it difficult to stop migration, but [it] is actually part of the solution,” said Black. In fact, as noted by others, migration may be a useful adaptation mechanism for climate change.
Jon Barnett: Climate Adaptation Not Just Building Infrastructure, But Expanding Options›By Kayly Ober // Friday, January 6, 2012“I think it’s appropriate to think about [climate change] adaptation or investments in adaptation as investments to open up the range of choices available to people to deal with an uncertain future,” said Jon Barnett, associate professor of geography at the University of Melbourne, in an interview with ECSP. “In some circumstances it might be appropriate to build infrastructure and hard options where we’re very certain about the nature of the risk…but in other cases, expanding the range of choices and freedoms and opportunities that people have to deal with climate change in the future is perhaps the better strategy.”MORE
For example, providing education, especially for girls, would allow individuals to better negotiate the world and labor markets; installing renewable energy systems in areas lacking electricity would greatly expand the choices for remote households; and altering immigration laws would allow more fluid movements of people.
“Communities and families where people are able to move have higher levels of consumption through remittances that people send back, they have greater connections through the world through the information that migrants send back, [and] they have very reliable forms of income,” he pointed out.
Barnett cited small-island states as positive examples of mobility as adaptation. On Tuvalu, remittances from young male seafarers on crewing missions for international shipping companies from North America and Europe account for three-quarters of the consumption of households, he said. They send home some $4 million a year in remittances or around 10 to 14 percent of Tuvalu’s entire Gross Domestic Product.
Kiribati has an innovative nursing program which provides a way towards “migration with dignity,” said Barnett. Australia’s foreign aid organization, AusAID, sponsors a special scholarship called the Kiribati Australia Nursing Initiative (KANI) which helps provide i-Kiribati people with marketable job skills and, unlike other job training programs, does not require the trained nurses to go back home – they are welcome to stay in Australia.
“Matching skills training with providing that to vulnerable populations in ways that matches gaps in labor markets is a smart strategy of improving capacity to adapt to climate change,” said Barnett. “And it’s a lot cheaper and likely to be much more effective than trying to pick winners in investing in significant infrastructure developments.”
Sources: Islands Business International.
The Unconquered: In Search of the Amazon’s Last Uncontacted Tribes›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, December 29, 2011In the far west of the Brazilian Amazon reside some of the last indigenous tribes on Earth untouched by modern society. In 2002, writer and photographer Scott Wallace, on assignment for National Geographic magazine, undertook a three month journey through the Javari Valley Indigenous Land on an expedition to map and protect the territory of the flecheiros, or Arrow People, named for the poison-tipped arrows they use. Wallace turned the chronicles of his adventure into a book while in residence as a Public Policy Scholar at the Wilson Center.MORE
On November 21, Wallace returned to the Center to present his finished book, The Unconquered: In Search of the Amazon’s Last Uncontacted Tribes.
Over the past 40 years, Brazil’s policies towards indigenous tribes have changed dramatically, said Wallace – from initially wanting to “civilize” tribes through contact, to a modern hands-off approach. He explained that globalization and demand for rubber in the twentieth century meant more contact with indigenous tribes and, ultimately, more upheaval. As a result, many tribes took up hostile attitudes towards outsiders and retreated as far into the wilderness as possible.
Today, the Brazilian Department of Isolated Indians is attempting to map out the extent of uncontacted peoples’ lands in order to better protect them from intrusion. Over the last eight years since the book was written, the official number of uncontacted tribes has increased from 17 to 26. Javari Valley alone hosts eight distinct ethnic groups, making it the largest concentration of uncontacted tribes in the world.
The leader of Wallace’s expedition, Sydney Possuelo, is an explorer who was formerly the head of the Department of Isolated Indians and once one of Brazil’s most famous sertanistas (“agents of contact”). Possuelo is now a champion of the vision that we should no longer contact tribes, said Wallace, but only “identify them and get legal protection for [their] lands and erect control posts to keep intruders out.”
Old Tensions, New Threats
Although Wallace holds up Brazil as one of the countries with the most enlightened policies for native Indians in the Americas, he said there is cause for concern as intrusions continue. As Wallace notes on his blog, isolated Indians are known to travel extensively by foot during the dry season, appearing along the riverbanks as they search for turtle eggs buried in nests along the sandy beaches of the western Amazon. Mounting pressure from logging crews, wildcat gold prospectors, and seismic teams exploring for oil and gas are flushing these isolated indigenes out of the forests.
During their trek to map the flecheiros, Wallace’s group ran into an illegal gold mining operation, and, although they managed to take the dredge to the local authorities, Wallace said he fears corruption may have stymied justice.
On the positive side, Wallace pointed out that by protecting indigenous tribes, the government is also protecting tens of thousands of acres of virgin rainforest in what is a mutually beneficial intersection of conservation and human rights. “Indians are the rightful owners of the land and the most efficacious guardians of the rainforest,” he said.
While there are many obstacles threatening the survival of uncontacted tribes, Wallace said that the situation is not hopeless and that conservation through protecting indigenous-rights in Brazil is a good starting point. “When there is a commitment to do something and resources are made available,” he said, “what seems like inevitable development, like the overrunning of forests, can be stopped.”
Event ResourcesBrazil Amazon adventure,” courtesy of jonrawlinson.
In Colombia, Rural Communities Face Uphill Battle for Land Rights›By Kayly Ober // Monday, November 14, 2011“The only risk is wanting to stay,” beams a Colombian tourism ad, eager to forget decades of brutal internal conflict; however, the risk of violence remains for many rural communities, particularly as the traditional fight over drugs turns to other high-value goods: natural resource rights.
La Toma: Small Town, Big Threats
In the vacuum left by Colombia’s war on drugs, re-armed paramilitary groups remain a threat to many rural civilians. Organized groups hold footholds, particularly in the northeast and west, where they’ve traditionally hidden and exploited weak governance. Over the past five years, their presence has increased while their aims have changed.MORE
A recent PBS documentary, The War We Are Living (watch below), profiles the struggles of two Afro-Colombian women, Francia Marquez and Clemencia Carabali, in the tiny town of La Toma confronting the paramilitary group Las Aguilas Negras, La Nueva Generacion. The Afro-Colombian communities the women represent – long persecuted for their mixed heritage – are traditional artisanal miners, but the Aguilas Negras claim that these communities impede economic growth by refusing to deal with multinationals interested in mining gold on a more industrial scale in their town.
For over seven years, the Aguilas Negras have sent frequent death threats and have indiscriminately killed residents, throwing their bodies over the main bridge in town. At the height of tensions in 2010, they murdered eight gold miners to incite fear. Community leaders know that violence and intimidation by the paramilitary group is part of their plan to scare and displace residents, but they refuse to give in: “The community of La Toma will have to be dragged out dead. Otherwise we’re not going to leave,” admits community leader Francia Marquez to PBS.
La Toma’s predicament is further complicated by corruption and general disinterest from Bogota. Laws that explicitly require the consent of Afro-Colombian communities to mine their land have not always been followed. In 2010, the Department of the Interior and the Institute of Geology and Minerals awarded a contract, without consultation, to Hector Sarria to extract gold around La Toma and ordered 1,300 families to leave their ancestral lands. Tension exploded between the local government and residents.
The community – spurred in part by Marquez and Carabali – geared into action; residents called community meetings, marched on the town, and set up road blocks. As a result, the eviction order was suspended multiple times, and in December 2010, La Toma officially won their case with Colombia’s Constitutional Court. Hector Sarria’s mining license as well as up to 30 other illegal mining permits were suspended permanently. But, as disillusioned residents are quick to point out, the decision could change at any time.
Much like the people of La Toma, the indigenous Wayuu people who make their home in northeast Colombia have also found themselves the target of paramilitary wrath. Wayuu ancestral land is rich in coal and salt, and their main port, Bahia Portete, is ideally situated for drug trafficking, making them an enticing target. In 2004, armed men ravaged the village for nearly 12 hours, killing 12, accounting for 30 disappearances, and displacing thousands. Even now, seven years later, those brave enough to lobby for peace face threats.
Now, other natural resource pressures have emerged. In 2011, growing towns nearby started siphoning water from Wayuu lands, and climate change is expected to exacerbate the situation. A 2007 IPCC report wrote that “under severe dry conditions, inappropriate agricultural practices (deforestation, soil erosion, and excessive use of agrochemicals) will deteriorate surface and groundwater quantity and quality,” particularly in the Magdalena river basin where the Wayuu live. Glacial melt will also stress water supplies in other parts of Colombia. The threat is very real for indigenous peoples like the Wayuu, who call water “Wayuu gold.”
“Without water, we have no future,” says Griselda Polanco, a Wayuu woman, in a video produced by UN Women.
The basic right to water has always been a contentious issue for indigenous peoples in Latin America – perhaps most famously in Cochabomba, Bolivia – and Colombia is no different: most recently 10,000 protestors took to the streets in Bogota to lobby for the right to water.
Post-Conflict Land Tenure Tensions
Perhaps the Wayuu and people of La Toma’s best hope is in a new Victims’ Law, ratified in June 2011, but in the short term, tensions look set to increase as Colombia works to implement it. The law will offer financial compensation to victims or surviving close relatives. It also aims to restore the rights of millions of people forced off their land, including many Afro-Colombian and indigenous peoples.
But “some armed groups – which still occupy much of the stolen land – have already tried to undermine the process,” reports the BBC. “There are fears that they will respond violently to attempts by the rightful owners or the state to repossess the land.”
Rhodri Williams of TerraNullius, a blog that focuses on housing, land, and property rights in conflict, disaster, and displacement contexts, wrote in an email to New Security Beat that there are many hurdles in the way of the law being successful, including ecological changes that have already occurred:
Perhaps the biggest obstacle is the fact that many usurped indigenous and Afro-Colombian territories have been fundamentally transformed through mono-culture cultivation. Previously mixed ecosystems are now palm oil deserts and no one seems to have a sense of how restitution could meaningfully proceed under these circumstances. Compensation or alternative land are the most readily feasible options, but this flies in the face of the particular bond that indigenous peoples typically have with their own homeland. Such bonds are not only economic, in the sense that indigenous livelihoods may be adapted to the particular ecosystem they inhabit, but also spiritual, with land forming a significant element of collective identity. Colombia has recognized these links in their constitution, which sets out special protections for indigenous and Afro-Colombian groups, but has failed to apply these rules in practice. For many groups, it may now be too late.As National Geographic explorer Wade Davis said at the Wilson Center in April, climate change can represent as much a psychological and spiritual problem for indigenous people as a technical problem. Unfortunately, as land-use issues such as those faced by Afro-Columbian communities, the Wayuu, and many other indigenous groups around the world demonstrate, there is a legal dimension to be overcome as well.
Sources: BBC News, Colombia Reports, International Displacement Monitoring Centre, PBS, Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, UN Women. The War We Are Living, part of the PBS series Women, War, and Peace, was instrumental to the framing of this piece.
Image and Video Credit: “Countryside Near Manizales, Colombia,” courtesy of flickr user philipbouchard; The War We Are Living video, courtesy of PBS.
Strengthening the Voices of Women Champions for Family Planning and Reproductive Health›By Kayly Ober // Monday, October 10, 2011“The health, security, and well-being of families depend importantly on the health of women,” said Carol Peasley, president and CEO of the Centre for Development and Population Activities (CEDPA). “When women have the ability to voluntarily space and limit the number of children they have, maternal and newborn child deaths decrease, as do abortions and abortion-related injuries,” she continued.MORE
Peasley was joined by three panelists on September 28 at the Wilson Center: Dr. Nafis Sadik, special advisor to the UN Secretary General; Tigist Kassa Milko, health communications program coordinator for Panos Ethiopia; and Rosemary Ardayfio, a reporter for the Ghanaian paper, The Daily Graphic.
Ardayfio and Milko both recently participated in a CEDPA-led workshop, which is designed to create effective women champions for family planning and reproductive health.
“The voices of women champions may in fact be the best way to influence policymakers and just average citizens around the world,” said Peasley.
Women’s Rights Essential for Development of All
According to Sadik, women have gained some autonomy over their reproductive health:
- Maternal mortality around the world is down by 40 percent compared to 1990 levels;
- Family planning reaches over 65 percent of women who need and want it;
- Many developing countries will achieve parity in girls’ and boys’ education by 2015; and
- Women are increasingly prominent in national and international leadership.
- Women’s literacy rates are still much lower than men’s;
- Pregnancy and childbirth still pose major health risks for women;
- Maternal mortality is the single biggest differential between developed and developing countries;
- We are far from reaching the Millennium Development Goal of reducing maternal mortality by 75 percent; and
- The current unmet demand for family planning (215 million women) is projected to rise by 40 percent by 2050 as the reproductive age population grows.
Local Champions for Local Needs
Although Tigist Kassa Milko and Rosemary Ardayfio come from two African countries hundreds of miles apart, their struggles are eerily similar.
In Ethiopia, the more than 1.5 million women who live in pastoral or nomadic areas shoulder many responsibilities, including walking long distances to fetch food and water for their families. The well-being of these women and their families is further strained by the challenges of climate change and limited health service provision.
To help overcome these obstacles, a number of micro-credit associations now offer female pastoralists alternative livelihood options. Panos Ethiopia also provides “reproductive health, family planning, gender-based violence forums” and “trainings on life skills and saving” to those who come for loans, said Milko.
But “when it’s a choice between walking to get water and walking to get contraceptives, water will win,” said Milko, so it is essential to focus on integrating ways to improve livelihoods, health, and ecosystems – also known as population, health, and environment (PHE) programs.
In Ghana, women also grapple with competing issues of development, poverty, healthcare, and cultural barriers. According to Ardayfio, 35 out of every 100 Ghanaian women want to space or limit births but are not using modern family planning methods. As a journalist, she acknowledged that there are many myths about reproductive health that need to be dispelled. The newspaper she writes for, The Daily Graphic, publishes three articles on women’s health each week.
“The stories of women dying from pregnancy-related causes should continue to be told in a compelling manner until our government makes good on the many international commitments it has signed to,” said Ardayfio. “Our decision-makers should be told again and again that it’s time to scale up family planning.”
Photo Credit: Dave Hawxhurst/Wilson Center.
Climate-Induced Migration: Catastrophe or Adaptation Strategy?›By Kayly Ober // Friday, February 11, 2011The claims on climate change-induced migration have often been hyperbolic: “one billion people will be displaced from now until 2050”, “200 million people overtaken by…monsoon systems…droughts…sea-level rise and coastal flooding”, “500 million people are at extreme risk” from sea-level rise. However, hard data is difficult to come by or underdeveloped. The International Institute of Environment and Development (IIED) have set out to fill this gap with their newest publication, “Not Only Climate Change: Mobility, Vulnerability and Socio-Economic Transformations in Environmentally Fragile Areas of Bolivia, Senegal and Tanzania.” As the title suggests, the author, Cecilia Tacoli, traveled to Bolivia, Senegal, and Tanzania in order to see how environmental change affects migration patterns in real world case studies. What she found was a bit more nuanced than the headlines.MORE
Case Studies: Bolivia, Senegal, and Tanzania
Despite existing predictions of doom and gloom, the report found that there has been no dramatic change in mobilization in each community, even in the face of recurring droughts. Instead, those who rely heavily on agriculture for subsistence have turned to seasonal or temporary migration. While previously considered a last resort, moving locally from rural to urban areas has become more common. The motivation for following this option, however, seems to be couched more in socio-economic concerns and only marginally exacerbated by the environment.
“All the case study locations,” writes Tacoli, “are in areas affected by long-term environmental change (desertification, soil degradation, deforestation) rather than extreme weather events. However, in the majority of locations residents identify a precipitating event – a particularly severe drought, an epidemic of livestock disease, the unintended impact of infrastructure – as the tipping point that results in drastic changes in local livelihoods. In all cases, socio-economic factors are what make these precipitating environmental events so catastrophic.”
Practical Policy Prescriptions
Although the report finds that the environment wasn’t currently the main driver of migration in Bolivia, Senegal, or Tanzania, it acknowledges that it may play a larger role in the future: “Environmental change undoubtedly increases the number of people mobile,” Tacoli told BBC News. “But catastrophe like droughts and floods tend to overlap with social and structural upheaval, like the closure of other sources of local employment that might have protected people against total dependence on the land.”
As such, Tacoli suggests treating migration as a practical adaptation strategy rather than a problem. “The concentration of population in both large and small urban centers has the potential to reduce pressure on natural resources for domestic and productive uses,” she writes.
For example, Tacoli argues that the resulting remittances and investments from migrants in urban centers fuel “a crucial engine of economic growth” in smaller towns where land prices are cheaper. This, in turn, creates further employment opportunities.
The report also encourages policymakers to focus on local interventions, such as ensuring more equitable access to land, promoting the sustainable management of natural resources to reduce vulnerability, and investing in education, access to roads, and transportation to markets. These programs would help diversify and bolster non-agricultural livelihoods, thus reducing to the risks of climate variability.
“Local non-farm activities,” writes Tacoli, “can be an important part of adaptation to climate change for the poorer groups, and the nature of the activities can contribute to a relative reduction in local environmental change.”
Tacoli points out that “by downplaying political and socio-economic factors in favor of an emphasis on environmental ones, alarmist predictions of climate change-induced migration can result in inappropriate policies, for example forced resettlement programmes, that will do little to protect the rights of those vulnerable to environmental change.”
However, Tacoli is careful not to over-extend her policy prescriptions. In an email to the New Security Beat she emphasized that the case studies were not intended to be representative:
The emphasis is on the need to have a detailed understanding of the local context – socio-economic, cultural and political – to understand the impacts of climate change on migration and mobility…Generalizations are not usually helpful for policy-making, and a grounded understanding of the local factors that influence livelihood responses (of which mobility and migration are one aspect) is certainly a better starting point. The aim of the report is to contribute to the building of collective knowledge on these issues, rather than provide a definitive account.
Sources: BBC News, Christian Aid, Commission on Climate Change and Development, Global Humanitarian Forum, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
Photo Credit: “Villager in Tanzania,” courtesy of flickr user vredeseilanden.
No Peace Without Women›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, November 11, 2010On October 31, 2000, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325, which called for women’s equal participation in all efforts to maintain and promote peace and security. A fitting date, seeing as how the resolution sought to exorcise the demons of the 1990s, when genocide took over 800,000 lives in Rwanda, thousands of women were raped in Bosnia, and millions more were displaced. However, the truth is that little progress has been made over these last 10 years and women remain on the periphery when it comes to post-conflict reconstruction and development. A new report from the humanitarian organization CARE concedes that “much of the action remains declarative rather than operational.”MORE
According to the report, “From Resolution to Reality: Lessons learned from Afghanistan, Nepal and Uganda on women’s participation in peacebuilding and post-conflict governance,” despite small gains in female representation in the peace processes in Afghanistan, Uganda, and Nepal, SCR 1325 has had limited success because:
A Woman’s Worth
- Participation is often superficial and events-based, rather than feeding into the nuts-and-bolts of designing peace operations and mediation efforts;
- Efforts to empower women at the decision-making level have traditionally targeted urban elites, creating a national-local divide, which marginalizes rural women;
- Participation is limited by short-term funding, which often focuses on basic life-saving assistance. Long-term funding tends to emphasize state-building through multi-donor trust funds and general budgetary support instead of more impactful grassroots projects;
- An increased risk of violence against women in conflict-afflicted zones severely impedes women’s mobility and ability to participate;
- National leadership lags because political leaders often lack the resources, capabilities, and/or political will to commit to pro-women policies. Cultural resistance to women’s rights among large segments of the population also weighs heavily on political calculations.
Although women’s participation at the local level lags, the UN has been particularly cognizant of the way SCR 1325 plays into its peacekeeping operations. In 2009, the UN launched an initiative to increase women’s participation in peacekeeping operations to 20 percent by 2014.
According to The New York Times, women peacekeepers “employ distinctive social skills in a rugged macho domain. They are…counted on to bring calm to the streets and the barracks, acting as public servants instead of invaders.”
Women peacekeepers also often provide a safe haven for victims of gender-based violence to turn to and they participate in more development-based projects like separating bathroom facilities for boys and girls in schools, and organizing baking courses to support women’s incorporation in the labor market.
While small steps have been made internationally, we need to set our sights at the local, grassroots level. Indeed, more funding for long-term, integrated, multi-sectoral strategies to embed women’s participation and peacebuilding into wider, community-based transitional programs is essential.
With integration in mind, perhaps improved attention to gender in peacekeeping operations will go hand-in-hand with increased attention to natural resource management issues, which Ban Ki-moon pushed the Security Council for this summer. Such a broadening of the UN’s peacekeeping envelope could pay dividends in places like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where the UN’s largest peacekeeping operation ever has faced increasing criticism for repeatedly failing to protect women from rape in the eastern provinces and also failing to account for the valuable minerals that support the rebels.
Women are often not allowed the space or time to participate in decision-making, but providing access to basic education, health services, and economic opportunity helps widen avenues towards meaningful participation in community and national affairs as well as empowers women to engage in a more holistic way.
As CARE eloquently confirms, “without multi-sectoral and holistic approaches, women acquire neither the means, nor the confidence, nor the necessary community acceptance to voice their concerns and input to the peace process.”
Sources: CARE, IPS News, Guardian, The New York Times, UN.
Image Credit: “A female member of the Ethiopian battalion of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) joins the military observers in a parade to receive the medals in recognition of their contribution to the mission,” courtesy of flickr user United Nations Photo.
Meeting the Needs of Latin America’s Rural and Urban Populations›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, October 14, 201050-60 percent urban.
Across the continent, Latin America’s total fertility rate has fallen from almost six children per woman in the 1960s to 2.2 children in 2005. Population growth rates are projected to continue to decline from 1.5 percent in 2010 to roughly 0.75 percent by 2020. But less-urbanized countries continue to experience high population growth in their rural areas, particularly among their large indigenous populations, who are not experiencing the same shifts from high to low fertility.
For example, since 1990, communities surrounding Guatemala’s Sierra de Lacandon National Park have grown by 10 percent each year, with birthrates averaging eight children per woman. These larger communities and households have led to agricultural expansion into the park, which has lost 10 percent of its forest canopy since 1990.
Rural-to-rural migration is also a key, but often overlooked, dynamic as migrants move to other rural areas in search of new land to farm. Between 1961 and 2001, Central America’s rural population increased by 59 percent. This increased population was accompanied by a 15 percent increase in deforestation, totaling some 13 million hectares.
Although many rural areas of Latin America have high fertility rates and expanding populations, they also have a high unmet demand for contraception. Indigenous populations are particularly underserved by health providers for many reasons, including cultural barriers, language, and accessibility. According to the Population Reference Bureau, an estimated 50 percent of indigenous women in the Ecuadorian Amazon do not want another child, yet 98 percent of them do not have access to a modern contraceptive method.
While reaching historically disadvantaged populations in rural communities is not easy, some programs have had considerable success—and saved money—by combining environmental and health efforts. For example, the Guatemalan NGO ProPeten trained more than 80 midwives and health promoters and developed a radio soap opera in both Spanish and Q’eqchi’ to deliver health services and environmental education to the communities living near the Maya Biosphere Reserve.
Given links between rural population growth and agricultural expansion, expanding access to family planning may not only be a cost-effective way to help women reach their desired family size, but also a smart investment in forest conservation and climate mitigation—and perhaps a down-payment on a more secure future for all. MORE
Drug Barons, Poachers, Ranchers, Oh My! Guatemala’s Forests Under Siege›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, July 29, 2010New York Times ran an article about the many threats converging on Guatemala’s Maya Biosphere Reserve. “There’s traffickers, cattle ranchers, loggers, poachers and looters,” Richard D. Hansen, an American archaeologist, told NYT. “All the bad guys are lined up to destroy the reserve. You can’t imagine the devastation that is happening.”MORE
Eric Olson, senior associate of the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center, agrees that drug trafficking is a major problem in the Petén, a region of northern Guatemala that lies within the Biosphere. “Petén’s isolation has made it possible for the biodiversity of the area to survive and thrive during periods of great social turmoil, especially in the 1980s,” Olson told the New Security Beat. “However, the isolation also makes it an ideal place for drug traffickers to move their illegal product northward.”
According to NYT, peasant squatters in search of farmland constitute an additional threat because they “often become pawns of the drug lords,” and, in some instances, “function as an advance guard for the drug dealers, preventing the authorities from entering, warning of intrusions, and clearing land that the drug gangs ultimately take over.”
Plus, the situation seems poised to worsen. According to a UNESCO report, Petén’s population has surged from 25,000 during the 1970s to upwards of 500,000 today. This growth, coupled with an attendant rise in subsistence farming, has had significant environmental impacts across the region.
Population Growth in Protected Areas
“Population has a huge impact on Guatemala’s ecological diversity,” David López-Carr, an associate professor in the University of California-Santa Barbara’s Geography Department, wrote in an e-mail to the New Security Beat. Most striking, according to López-Carr, are total fertility rates in rural areas, which remain “over 5 and much higher still – higher than 6 – in the most remote rural areas where ecological diversity is highest.”
Despite the fact that most migrants move to Guatemala City, smaller cities, or the United States, López-Carr wrote that the “tiny fraction (probably under 5%) that move to remote rural areas have a major impact on biodiversity and forest conversion.” López-Carr pointed out that “in core conservation areas of the Maya Biosphere Reserve, in-migration has swelled the population in some regions by nearly 10% annually during the past two decades.”
At a 2008 meeting at the Woodrow Wilson Center, professors Justin Brashares and George Wittemyer said three factors drive population growth near protected areas in Africa and Latin America: 1) more money for parks (as measured by protected-area funds from the Global Environment Facility); 2) more park employees; and 3) more deforestation on the edges of protected areas.
To avoid population pitfalls, Guatemala’s President Alvaro Colom should take this research into account before putting his “Cuatro Balam” eco-tourism plan into action. The initiative—named for the four main figures in the Mayan creation myth—seeks to divide the reserve into an archaeological park in the north and an agricultural zone in the south, while setting up a Maya studies center for scholars and installing an $8 million electric mini-train to shuttle tourists through the reserve.
The Perils of “Pristine Conservation”
While President Colom’s plan is certainly ambitious, communities in Petén are cautious. They see Cuatro Balam as a continuation of earlier government-funded projects, where “pristine conservation” – oft-touted by large conservation organizations – prohibited human interaction with the forests and limited socioeconomic opportunities for local populations.
Liza Grandia, an anthropology professor at Clark University who has lived and worked in the Peten region, points out in Conservation and Society that “primary” or “pristine” forests flagged as biological hotspots by these conservation organizations are likely remnants of ancient Mayan agroforestry. However, Mayan descendents are not allowed to live within nor manage these areas.
Instead, stewardship of many federal parks is delegated to large conservation outfits or the government. But Rosa Maria Chan, director of ProPeten, a community-based environmental organization, wrote in an e-mail to the New Security Beat that “the environment is not always the government’s priority,” adding that “development” normally signifies large infrastructure projects, instead of smaller-scale ideas that would better address human development.
The Benefits of Community-Based Conservation
One successful local project is the Association of the Forest Community of Péten (ACOFOP), a community-based association made up of 23 indigenous and farming organizations. Under ACOFOP’s direction, uncontrolled settlement in the biosphere reserve has been stopped, communities have ceased the conventional slash-and-burn practices, and forest fires have virtually ceased in community-managed areas. ACOFOP’s projects have also created jobs in local communities, where the beneficiaries re-invest their earnings into collective infrastructure.
In the mid-1990s/early 2000s, ProPeten’s Remedios I and II programs, funded mainly by USAID, used radio soap operas and mobile theaters to educate residents about conservation, reproductive health, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture. Underlying these programs’ success was an unprecedented survey that gathered data on the rapidly changing population-environment dynamics in this frontier region.
Grandia, who served as head of ProPeten’s board of directors from 2003-2005, writes in 2004 Wilson Center article that “the integrated DHS [Demographic and Health Survey] has been a critical part of developing…programs linking health and population with the environment,” which lowered Petén’s total fertility rate from 6.8 to 5.8 children per woman in just four years. Plans are underway to include a similar environmental module in the next DHS survey.
Although the fate of Guatemala’s forests is subject to many outside forces, from the government’s development plans to the cartel’s smuggling operations, small-scale, community-based programs may have the best shot at transforming the drivers of deforestation into sustainable, economic development opportunities.
Photo Credit: “Keel-billed Toucan at Tikal National Park, Guatemala,” courtesy of flickr user jerryoldenettel.
An “Aye” for an “Aye”: Everyone Has a Right to Be Counted›By Kayly Ober // Monday, July 12, 2010Around the world, countries from Afghanistan to Papua New Guinea to the United States are taking part in their decadal census, leading the UN Population Fund (UNFPA) to select the theme “Everyone Counts” for World Population Day 2010, which was celebrated on July 11.
Everyone has the right to be counted, because “censuses and population data play a critical role in development and humanitarian response and recovery,” said UNFPA Executive Director Thoraya Ahmed Obaid in her World Population Day message. Obaid added that “with quality data we can better track and make greater progress to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and promote and protect the dignity and human rights of all people,” especially among vulnerable populations like women, girls, the poor, and the marginalized.
USAID similarly supports quality data collection, which it says plays a critical role in advancing voluntary family planning in the developing world. For the last 25 years, USAID has funded the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program, which collaborates with national health ministries to collect data on family planning, child and maternal health, disease prevalence, and other health indicators.
This invaluable data is made freely available for public use, which can foster new research in the field and stimulate innovative approaches to addressing public health issues. Praising the DHS program, Gapminder Foundation Director Hans Rosling told a Wilson Center audience last year that “statistics should be the intellectual sidewalks of a society, and people should be able to build businesses and operate on the side of them.”
Accurate census counts are also important elements of “good governance, transparency and accountability,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon in his World Population Day message. “Population data helps leaders and policy-makers to make informed decisions about policies and programmes to reduce poverty and hunger, and advance education, health and gender equality,” he said.
But no one is suggesting that coming up with reliable population data is an easy task. As Sean Peoples and Elizabeth Leahy point out in the May/June 2009 issue of World Watch magazine, issuing population projections can be a risky business:MORE
In the 2008 Revision of World Population Prospects, the UN Population Division projects that our planet will grow to 9.15 billion people by 2050. Yet this medium-variant projection is just one of several possible scenarios released in this latest round of number crunching. The low- and high-variant projections—7.96 billion and 10.5 billion, respectively—could instead become reality, given uncertainties in the developing world due to factors such as inconsistent data collection, weak health system infrastructure, and low government capacity.The goal, then, is to make sure everyone counts.
Time to Give a Dam: Alternative Energy as Source of Cooperation or Conflict?›By Kayly Ober // Thursday, July 8, 2010Stacy VanDeveer in the lead up to Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Mitigation and Adaptation at the Woodrow Wilson Center on June 10. VanDeveer believes that mitigation techniques, particularly alternative energy sources like hydroelectric dams, could stimulate cooperation rather than exacerbate threats.MORE
As shown by Aaron Wolf’s Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, cooperation over water is much more commonplace than conflict – over the last 50 years, only 37 disputes resulted in violence, and 30 of those occurred between Israel and one of its neighbors.
It thus stands to reason that water could continue to serve as a unifier when it comes to hydroelectric development. Neighboring countries sharing a major water basin undoubtedly share a common interest in managing this nebulous resource jointly for economic and environmental gain.
However, various examples from around the world complicate this assumption – the Rogan hydroelectric dam in Tajikistan worries downstream neighbor Uzbekistan; India’s recently built hydroelectric dam in Kashmir stymies water flow and dries up irrigation canals in Pakistan; and Kenya worries about Lake Turkana’s ecosystem as Ethiopia moves to construct a new hydroelectric dam. The list goes on.
One prominent South American example is a particularly apt case in point.
Low-Level Tensions: The Case of Itaipu
In 1973, Paraguay and Brazil signed a bilateral agreement to build the Itaipu hydroelectric dam, which at that time was the world’s largest. After 20 years of construction that carried a hefty price tag of US$15 billion, Itaipu now provides some 26,000 megawatts of energy to Brazil and Paraguay.
From the outset, however, tension between the two countries has outweighed any tangible benefits. Paraguay complains that although it relies on the dam for 90 percent of the country’s electricity, it uses only a fraction of the dam’s output – 10 percent to be exact. Meanwhile, Itaipu accounts for 20 percent of Brazil’s total energy needs. Fueling tensions further, the terms of the original 1973 treaty dictate that if one country has surplus energy, it must sell that energy to the other for below-market value; meaning Paraguay regularly sells Brazil leftover energy at cutthroat prices.
Paraguay argues that if they were allowed to sell to third-party customers at market value, the country would be making upwards of US$2.28 billion a year – or, in other words, double the sum paid by Brazil for 18 years of power imports, according to the Asunción press.
Cooperation and Compensation Win the Day?
After more than 30 years of increasing hostility, Brazil agreed to triple its compensation to Paraguay in July 2009, increasing its annual payments for dam energy from US$120 million to US$360 million. Paraguay also won the possibility of selling excess energy produced from the dam to the private Brazilian market, although Paraguay will not be allowed to sell to other countries until 2023.
The compromise also set aside another US$450 million of no-strings-attached investment for a transmission line from Itaipu to Asuncion, enabling more widespread energy distribution throughout Paraguay at lower costs. (So far, only US$10 million has been paid out.)
However, the cooperative atmosphere did not last long. Despite the deal and warming relations, Brazil chose to flex its military might in a November 15, 2009, training exercise dubbed “Operation Lasso,” which took place on the border of Argentina and Paraguay. The mission: quell violence in a hypothetical enemy country and recover a bi-national hydroelectric dam that had fallen into their hands.
In obvious reference to Itaipu, the simulation was based around a strategic hydroelectric dam, Itá,” which had been occupied by hostile forces. The two combatants were “Green,” allegedly representing Brazil, and “Yellow,” presumably playing the part of Paraguay. Defesa@Net called the exercise “the greatest simulation of a major conventional conflict in Latin America.”
Brazilian General Carlos de Nardi, commander of the 8,000 joint-service members taking part in the simulation, told Defensa@Net, “We are training our people for dissuasion, so that nobody trespasses our frontiers.”
On the Horizon
The complicated nature of Brazilian-Paraguayan cooperation over the Itaipu dam will continue to be tested, as energy demand is set to significantly increase in the near future. The 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games will both take place in Brazil, and the expected influx of tourists and athletes, as well as the construction of major Games-related infrastructure projects, will surely put added strain on its already fragile energy infrastructure. With Paraguay already so dependent on Itaipu – a brief blackout in 2009 caused the entire country to lose power for 15 minutes – tensions over energy sharing will undoubtedly reoccur.
Sources: ABCTV (Paraguay), BBC News, Brazilian Southern Command, Brazzil Mag, Dawn, Diplomatic Courier, Defesa@Net, Jaluo Africa, MercoPress, Oregon State University, United Nations, United Press International.
Photo Credit: “Satellite image of Itaipu Dam, Parana River, Brazil/Paraguay Border,” courtesy of flickr user DigitalGlobe-Imagery.
Urbanization, Climate Change, and Indigenous Populations: Finding USAID’s Comparative Advantage›By Kayly Ober // Wednesday, May 26, 2010“Part of the outflow of migrants from rural areas of many Latin American countries has settled in remote rural areas, pushing the agricultural frontier further into the forest,” writes David López-Carr in a recent article in Population & Environment, “The population, agriculture, and environment nexus in Latin America.” In a May 4 presentation at the LAC Economic Growth and Environment Strategic Planning Workshop in Panama City, Panama, he discussed how to integrate family planning and environmental services in rural Latin America.MORE
Latin America is one of the most highly urbanized continents in the world, with an average of 75 percent of the population living in cities. However, “there are two Latin Americas,” said López-Carr at the workshop, which was sponsored by the Woodrow Wilson Center’s Environmental Change and Security Program and Brazil Institute, as well as the U.S. Agency for International Development. Largely developed countries like Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay are close to 90 percent urbanized, while Guatemala, Ecuador, and Bolivia are about 50 percent. In less urbanized countries, rural-rural migrants in search of agricultural land remain a major driving force behind forest conversion, he said.
Between 1961 and 2001, Central America’s rural population increased by 59 percent, said Lopez-Carr. The increasing density of the rural population had a negative impact on forest reserves: a 15 percent increase in deforestation totaling some 13 million hectares.
“Rural areas of Latin America still have high fertility rates but (unlike much of rural Africa, for example) also have a high unmet demand for contraception, meaning that improved contraceptive availability would likely result in a rapid and cost-effective means to reduce population pressures in priority conservation areas,” he said. Additionally, remote rural areas with high population growth rates tend to be associated with indigenous populations located in close proximity to protected forests.
For example, in Guatemala, communities surrounding Sierra de Lacandon National Park have, since 1990, grown by 10 percent each year, with birthrates averaging eight children per woman. Larger communities and larger households have led to agricultural expansion, which infringes on the park and accelerates deforestation in one of the most biologically diverse biospheres in the world, said López-Carr.
Based on these demographic and environmental trends, López-Carr suggested USAID’s work in the region should focus on rural maternal and child health, and education – especially for girls. Not only does USAID already invest in such programs, but they only cost pennies per capita and could reduce the number of rural poor living in Latin American cities by tens of millions.
Given the strong links between population density and deforestation in Latin America, expanding access to family planning would also be a smart investment in forest conservation and climate mitigation, López-Carr concluded.
Source: Population Reference Bureau.
Photo Credit: Dave Hawxhurst, Woodrow Wilson Center.
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- When Does Oil Cause War? Petro-Aggression and Revolutionary Governments
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- Learning From Failure
- Top 10 Posts for January 2013
- “Greening” the Military An Issue at Chuck Hagel Hearings?
- January (27)
- U.S. Federal Climate Assessment: Energy, Water, Land Intertwined and Threatened
- Setting Development Goals for Population Dynamics and Reproductive Rights
- In Kenya, Water Stress Also Breeds Cooperation Between Competing Groups
- Planning for Complex Risks: Environmental Change, Energy Security, and the Minerva Initiative
- A Kingdom’s Future: Saudi Arabia Through the Eyes of Its Twentysomethings
- Across Much of China, Huge Harvests Irrigated With Industrial and Agricultural Runoff
- Indonesia: Stop Chopping, Start Learning
- Energy-Saving Stoves and Family Planning Benefit Women and Families in Rural Uganda
- Migration Flows, New Growth Demand New Ways to Do Urban Development
- Environmental Migration, Security, and Climate Change
- Building a Global Network of Maternal Health Policymakers
- Delivering Solutions to Improve Maternal Health and Increase Access to Family Planning (Policy Brief)
- Should Maternal Health Goals Be Combined With WASH?
- Seven Ways Seven Billion People Affect the Environment and Security (Policy Brief)
- Managing Mountains for Ecological Services and Environmental Security
- Super Typhoon Bopha Shows Why Developing Countries Are Most Vulnerable to Climate Change
- Afghanistan’s Mineral Potential, Sustainability of Development Efforts Crucial Questions, Says Wilson Center’s Michael Kugelman
- Rio+20: Impacts and Ways Forward
- Measuring Sustainable Development in Ethiopia’s Guraghe Zone
- Five Questions for Population, Health, and Environment Projects in Ethiopia
- Stronger Evidence Base Needed to Demonstrate Added Value of PHE
- As Biofuel Demand Grows, So Do Guatemala’s Hunger Pangs
- How Does Climate Change Figure Into the Feed the Future Initiative?
- Tapping the Potential of Displaced Young People in Urban Settings
- Building Sustainable Cities in a Warmer, More Crowded World
- Global Warming Experts Should Think More About the Cold War
- Africa’s Urban Youth Cohort, and Women’s Health in Forest Communities
- May (14) ▼ ►
- 2012 (312)
- December (16)
- 2012’s Top Posts on the Environment, Demography, Development, and Security
- New Support for International Family Planning: The Significance of the London Summit
- ‘Dialogue’ Discusses Hurricane Sandy and Climate Change Perceptions in the U.S.
- National Research Council Produces Climate and Security Analysis at Request of U.S. Intelligence Community
- The Challenges of the 21st-Century City (Policy Brief)
- Beyond Carbon Credits: TIST Combines Reforestation, Health, and Livelihood Efforts
- Managing the Planet: The World at Seven Billion
- Colombia’s Unexplored Cloud Forests Besieged by Climate Change, Development
- Climate Change’s Impact on Human Development
- National Intelligence Council Releases ‘Global Trends 2030’: Prominent Roles Predicted for Demographic and Environmental Trends
- World Bank Issues Dire Warning About “Four Degree World”
- ‘The Christian Science Monitor’ Explores the Global Water Crisis: Should We Charge More for Water?
- Top 10 Posts for November 2012
- Water Scarcity, Agriculture, and Energy Are Focus of ‘Choke Point: China Part II’
- The Land Matrix Visualizes Ebbs and Flows of Global “Land Grabs”
- CCAPS Looks to Map Climate-Related Aid in Africa
- November (26)
- Climate Change’s Health Impacts, and the Rights-Based Argument for Family Planning
- Linking the Environment and Women’s Health at the World Conservation Congress
- Considering “Soft Geoengineering”
- ‘The Global Farms Race’: Comprehensive Study of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions Launches at Wilson Center
- ‘The New York Times’ Highlights Converging Development Trends in Brazil’s Amazon
- Does Climate Change Kill Five Million People A Year? DARA’s 2012 Climate Vulnerability Monitor
- Feminized Development in Latin America: Understanding the Confluence of Gender Equity and Cultural Tensions
- India’s Environmental Security Challenge: Water, Coal, Natural Gas, and Climate Change Fuel Friction
- Ravao’s Story: A Health and Environment Champion From Madagascar’s Mikea Forest
- Edna Wangui on East Africa’s Changing Pastoralists
- Can Family Planning Save Millions From Malnutrition in a Warming World?
- Linking Academia With Policy: Youth and Land Markets in Urban Development
- Climate and Conflict in East Africa, and UNEP’s Plan to Avoid Future Famines
- Three Critical Maternal Health Medicines That Could Save Women’s Lives
- As Coal Boosts Mozambique, the Rural Poor Are Left Behind
- Top U.S. Leaders: Global Health Is a Bridge to Security
- What Next? Finding Ways to Integrate Population and Reproductive Health Into Climate Change Adaptation
- Joel Cohen on Why Students Should Consider Demography
- Overfishing Pushes 80 Percent of Chinese Fishermen Towards Bankruptcy
- Making ‘Beyond Seven Billion’: Reporting on Population, Environment, and Security
- Social Interaction Key to Urban Resilience, Says Harvard's Diane Davis
- Connecting the Dots Between Security and Land Rights in India
- Clean Cookstoves and PHE Champions on Tanzania’s Northern Coast
- Surprise Geoengineering Test Goes Forward Off Coast of Canada
- Linking Biodiversity and WASH Efforts in Africa
- Top 10 Posts for October 2012
- October (21)
- Education as a Conservation Strategy – Really?
- From Dirty Wells to Endocrine Disrupters: Covering Women, Water, and Health at SEJ 2012
- Youth Bulge, Public Policy, and Peace in Pakistan
- Choke Point China Part II: Food Supply, Fracking, and Water Scarcity Challenge a Juggernaut Economy
- Kathleen Mogelgaard on How Malawi Shows the Importance of Considering Population, Food, and Climate Together
- Population and Environment in Saadani National Park, and Repositioning Family Planning in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Repairs Could Stifle South Asia’s Water War
- Can Riots Be Predicted? Experts Watch Food Prices
- Programmatic and Policy Recommendations for Addressing Obstetric Fistula and Uterine Prolapse
- Who Are the Most Vulnerable to Ocean Acidification and Warming?
- Family Planning as an Investment? The Aspen Institute at the 2012 Social Capital Markets Conference
- 2012 Aid Transparency Index
- International Day of the Girl Child: Recognizing the Unique and Complex Vulnerability of Young Girls
- The Race to Harness Himalayan Hydropower
- Bridges and Bicycles in India
- Beer: The Perfect Illustration of the Water-Energy-Food Nexus?
- A Lake of Hope and Conflict
- Containing a Development Flood: Green Urbanization in Asia
- Immediate Action Needed for Gaza to be Livable in 2020, Says UN Report
- Maintaining the Momentum: Highlights From the 2012 London Summit on Family Planning
- Top 10 Posts for September 2012
- September (20)
- Water and Land Conflict in Kenya in the Wake of Climate Change
- The Role of Renewable Natural Resources and Gender in Conflict
- Michael Klare on the Race for What’s Left
- World Contraception Day
- Green Solutions for Africa’s Urban Food Security
- Tracking This Year’s Extreme Weather
- After the London Summit on Family Planning: What Happens Now?
- Age Against the Machine
- Modeling Demographic Dividends, Fertility, and Income in Developing Countries
- Al Jazeera Maps Water Flashpoints Around the World
- Geoengineering Faces Dilemma: Experiment or Not?
- The Challenges and Benefits of Addressing Young Adolescent Reproductive Health
- Counting the World: UNFPA Highlights the Challenges of Census-Taking
- Ecological Footprint Accounting: Measuring Environmental Supply and Demand
- Why Mali Matters
- Regulating the Resource Curse: U.S. Adopts International Transparency Rules for Oil Industry
- Sahel Drought: Putting Malnutrition in the News
- Top 10 Posts for August 2012
- Nile Basin at a Turning Point as Political Changes Roil Balance of Power and Competing Demands Proliferate
- Changing Cities: Climate, Youth, and Land Markets in Urban Areas
- August (32)
- As Urbanization Accelerates, Policymakers Face Integration Hurdles
- Should AFRICOM Leave Development to the Professionals?
- Iran Is Reversing Its Population Policy
- Coming of Age: Reason for Optimism in Burma’s Turn Towards Democracy
- Geoff Dabelko on the Evolution of Integrated Development and PHE
- Resource Revolution: Supplying a Growing World in the Face of Scarcity and Volatility
- Another Year, Another Debate: Is the Failed States Index Simply Misnamed?
- In Poor Countries, Is Lower Fertility Bad for Equality?
- Linking Extreme Weather Events to Climate Change
- Gauging the Impact of Warming On Asia’s Life-Giving Monsoons
- Stress Levels of Major Global Aquifers Revealed by Groundwater Footprint Study
- Inside U.S. Climate Security Policy: Geoff Dabelko Interviewed by ISN
- New Wilson Center Initiative on Global Sustainability and Resilience
- Silence Surrounds Pakistan’s Most Serious Threats
- Best of Both Worlds: Moving On, But Staying With ECSP
- Hans Rosling on Religion, Babies, and Poverty
- Taking On Domestic Violence in Post-Conflict Liberia
- U.S. Drought, Climate Change Could Lead to Global Food Riots, Political Instability
- Family Planning Saves Lives, Can Help Mitigate Effects of Climate Change
- Artisanal Gold Mining Threatens Riverine Communities in Guyana
- Population and Sustainability in an Unequal World
- PRB’s 2012 World Population Data Sheet
- Iran’s Surprising and Shortsighted Shift on Family Planning
- PSA: We're Hiring Two Program Assistants!
- Three UN Millennium Development Targets Reached and a Review of the Human Drivers of Climate Change
- Is This What Climate Change Feels Like? Geoff Dabelko on ‘CONTEXT’
- A Roundup of the ‘Global Trends 2030’ Series on Population Aging
- A World Without AIDS, Still Worlds Away
- Emmanuel Karagiannis: Mediterranean Oil and Gas Discoveries Could Change Regional Alignments, Global Energy Equation
- From Youth Bulge to Food and Family Planning, Los Angeles Times’ ‘Beyond 7 Billion’ Series Synthesizes Population Challenges
- Population Aging: A Demographic and Geographic Overview
- Top 10 Posts for July 2012
- July (30)
- The Global Land Rush: Catalyst for Resource-Driven Conflict?
- PBS ‘NewsHour’ Reports on Reasons for Optimism Amid Niger’s Cyclical Food Crises
- Chaotic Climate Change and Adaptation in Fragile States
- New USGS Report and Maps Highlight Afghanistan’s Mineral Potential, But Obstacles Remain
- Urbanization and the Global Climate Dilemma
- Linking Water, Sanitation, and Biodiversity Conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Tobias Feakin on the Debate in Europe About Climate Change and the Military
- Open Data Initiatives at USAID Reflect Move Towards Collaboration, Enabling Efforts
- In Mongolia, Climate Change and Mining Boom Threaten National Identity
- Visualizing Complex Vulnerability in Africa: The CCAPS Climate-Conflict Mapping Tool
- Urban Resilience: What Is It and How Can We Promote It?
- Center for American Progress Takes on Climate Change, Migration, and Why They Matter to U.S. National Security
- ‘Motherland Afghanistan’ Shows Maternal Mortality Not Just A Health Issue
- Re|Source 2012 Conference: Global Fight for Natural Resources “Has Only Just Begun”
- Nine Strategies to Stop Short of Nine Billion
- Pop at Rio+20: Despite Failure Narrative, Progress Made at Rio on Gender, Health, Environment Links
- Local Experts Needed to Protect Congo Basin Rainforests Amid Conflict, Development Challenges
- Gates Foundation Spearheads London Summit on Family Planning
- World Population Day 2012: Looking Beyond Reproductive Health
- Chronic Crisis in the Sahel Calls for a New Approach
- Geoff Dabelko at the Aspen Environment Forum: “We Have to Find Ways to Do Things Differently”
- USAID Turns to Crowdsourcing to Map Loan Data
- Guttmacher Updates Unmet Need Estimates, and West Africa’s Demographic Dividend Examined
- UNHCR Report on East African Environmental Migrants: Long on Anecdotes, Short on Data
- Hania Zlotnik Discusses Changes to Latest UN Population Projections
- An Update on PRB’s Population, Health, and Environment Project Map
- Global Threats Exist, But Also Many Global Demographic Opportunities for the United States
- Top 10 Posts for June 2012
- Book Review: ‘World Population Policies’ Offers Sweeping Overview of a Complex Field
- Aspen Ideas Festival Takes on “The Population Challenge”
- June (29)
- What Are the Most Important Factors in the Failed States Index?
- IPPF and Partners Connect Reproductive Rights With the Environment and Development
- Afghanistan’s Demography: A Bit Less Exceptional
- IFPRI Launches First ‘Global Food Policy Report’
- Poor Planning, Population Boom Stress Abuja’s Water System, Says Pulitzer Center
- Alexandra Cousteau on the Global Water Crisis and Choosing Between the Environment and the Economy
- Population Projections: Breaking Down the Assumptions
- Pop at Rio+20: Reproductive Rights Missing From Outcome Document – Assessing the Disappointment
- Climate-Conflict Thresholds and Water as a Casualty of Conflict
- Pop at Rio+20: Text Finalized, Population-Sustainable Development Links Left Out?
- Pop at Rio+20: Brazil a Model for Slowing Population Growth, Say Experts
- Pop at Rio+20: Favelas and Protests
- African Nations Pioneer Natural Resource Accounting With ‘Gaborone Declaration’
- Pop at Rio+20: Getting Women’s Rights on the Agenda
- Royal Society Launches ‘People and the Planet’ Study
- Pop at Rio+20: Cairo, Rio, and Beyond
- Burma at a Crossroads for Peacebuilding and Natural Resource Governance
- Sex and Sustainability on the Road to Rio+20
- Africa on the Move: The Role of Political Will and Commitment in Improving Access to Family Planning
- Gidon Bromberg at TEDx on Peacebuilding Through Water in the Middle East
- PHE and Community-Based Adaptation to Climate Change: Stronger Together
- For Yemen’s Future, Global Humanitarian Response Is Vital
- Re-Thinking Price Shocks and Conflict?
- The Year Ahead in Political Demography: Top Issues to Watch
- Family Planning and Results-Based Financing Initiatives
- Republic of Congo Demographic and Health Survey Shows High Maternal Health, But No Fertility Decline
- Bringing Environment and Climate to the 2012 Population Association of America Annual Meeting
- Top 10 Posts for May 2012
- USAID’s New Global Health Framework and Delivering Equity in Health Interventions
- May (30)
- Comparing Urban Governance and Citizen Rights in China and India
- Environment, Natural Resource Guidelines for Peacekeepers Moves UN Closer to ‘Greening the Blue Helmets’
- Full Extent of Africa’s Groundwater Resources Visualized for the First Time
- Digging for Crumbs: Michael Klare on the Global Scramble for the World’s Last Resources
- Imelda Abano on Environmental Reporting in the Philippines
- Poor Land Tenure: A Key Component to Why Nations Fail
- Philippines’ Bohol Island Demonstrates Benefits of Integrated Conservation and Health Development
- Valerie Hudson and Chad Emmett: Women’s Well-Being Is the Best Predictor of State Stability
- Improving Food Security Through Land Rights and Access to Family Planning
- The Global Water Security Assessment and U.S. National Security Implications
- "Afghanistan, Against the Odds: A Demographic Surprise" Launches ECSP Report 14
- Sex and World Peace: How the Treatment of Women Affects Development and Security
- Adenike Esiet: Building Support for Improving Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health in Nigeria
- ‘People and the Planet’ Study Re-Introduces Demography to Sustainability Debate
- Nigeria Beyond the Headlines: Environment and Security [Part Two]
- Nigeria Beyond the Headlines: Demography and Health [Part One]
- Population-Climate Dynamics: From Planet Under Pressure to Rio
- Pakistan’s Climate Change Challenge
- A Northern View: Canada’s Climate Claims and Obligations
- Learning From Success: Ministers of Health Discuss Accelerating Progress in Maternal Survival
- New Surveys Generate Mixed Demographic Signals for East and Southern Africa
- Bangladesh 2011 Demographic and Health Survey Shows Continued Fertility Decline, Improved Health Indicators
- The Future of South Asian Security: Prospects for a Nontraditional Regional Architecture?
- Taming Hunger in Ethiopia: The Role of Population Dynamics
- Population Changes Set to Remake Japanese Society
- Avoiding Adding Insult to Injury in Climate Adaptation Efforts
- Jack Goldstone on Post-Cold War Trends in Armed Conflict and Challenges for the World’s Youth
- Updates to African Conflict Database Give Researchers Access to Comprehensive, Near Real-Time Information
- Top 10 Posts for April 2012
- Nabeela Ali on How PAIMAN Is Improving Maternal Health in Pakistan
- April (31)
- Richard Matthew: Responsive Peacebuilding Includes the Environment and Natural Resources
- Women’s Rights and Voices Belong at Rio+20
- Uganda’s Demographic and Health Challenges Put Into Perspective With Newfound Oil Discoveries [Part Two]
- Uganda’s Demographic and Health Challenges Put Into Perspective With Newfound Oil Discoveries [Part One]
- China and the Geopolitics of the Mekong River Basin
- Karen Newman: Rio+20 Should Re-Identify Family Planning As a Core Development Priority
- Aspen Institute on Women, Population, and Access to Safe Water
- Loaded Dice and Human Health: Measuring the Impacts of Climate Change
- Karen Newman: Population and Sustainable Development Links Are Complex, Controversial, and Critical
- Senate Hearing Focuses on Threat of Sea Level Rise
- In Building Resilience for a Changing World, Reproductive Health Is Key
- ‘Earth Focus’ Talks to PAI About Bringing Out Women’s Voices on Climate Change
- Megacities, Global Security, and the Map of the Future
- ‘Green Prophet’ Interviews Geoff Dabelko on Water Security in the Middle East
- Georgina Mace on Planetary Stewardship in a Globalized Age: Risks, Obstacles, and Opportunities
- Yemen: Revisiting Demography After the Arab Spring
- Neil Adger: Embrace Community Identities To Improve Climate Adaptation
- Geoff Dabelko On ‘The Diane Rehm Show’ Discussing Global Water Security
- Invest in Women’s Health to Improve Sub-Saharan African Food Security, Says PRB
- Responses to JPR Climate and Conflict Special Issue: John O’Loughlin, Andrew M. Linke, Frank Witmer (University of Colorado, Boulder)
- After the Disaster: Rebuilding Communities
- Impressions of London’s Global Change Conference
- Reproductive Health an Essential Part of Climate Compatible Development
- Peacemakers or Exclusion Zones? Saleem Ali on Transboundary Peace Parks
- A New Land Security Agenda to Enable Sustainable, Equitable Development
- Serving the Reproductive Health Needs of Urban Communities in Nairobi
- Youth, Aging, and Governance: A Political Demography Workshop at the Monterey Institute of International Studies
- Natural Resource Management, Climate Change, and Conflict
- Responses to JPR Climate and Conflict Special Issue: Steve Lonergan (University of Victoria)
- Responses to JPR Climate and Conflict Special Issue: François Gemenne (Sciences Po)
- Top 10 Posts for March 2012
- March (29)
- Responses to JPR Climate and Conflict Special Issue: Solomon Hsiang (Princeton University) and Todd G. Smith (University of Texas, Austin)
- Taking Stock of Past and Current Demographic Trends
- One Country, Two Stories: Marc Sommers on Rwandan Youth’s Struggle for Adulthood
- Much Ado About Conflict? Climate’s Links to Violence Reexamined
- Demography, Climate in the Spotlight at Planet Under Pressure
- First Impressions: Four Takeaways from the Global Water Security Intelligence Assessment
- Global Water Security Calls for U.S. Leadership, Says Intelligence Assessment
- Fourth World Water Development Report Released by UN
- PBS ‘NewsHour’ and Pulitzer Center Examine Water Shortage and Health Issues in Ghana and Nigeria
- Hotspots: Population Growth in Areas of High Biodiversity
- Food Security in a Climate-Altered Future [Part Two]
- Food Security in a Climate-Altered Future [Part One]
- Finding the Link Between Water Stress and Food Prices
- John Williams: Helping People and Preserving Biodiversity Hotspots
- Reflections on Women in the Arab Spring
- Kavita Ramdas: Why Educating Girls Is Not Enough
- ECSP Seeking Interns for Summer 2012
- Africa’s Demographic Challenges, Genderizing Food Security and Climate Responses
- Central Asia’s Dam Debacle
- Women’s Health: Key to Climate Adaptation Strategies
- Geoff Dabelko on Finding Common Ground Among Conservation, Development, and Security at the 2011 WWF Fuller Symposium
- Ethiopia Provides Model for Improving Climate, Other Data Services in Africa
- The Missing Links in the Demographic Dividend
- More People, Less Biodiversity? The Complex Connections Between Population Dynamics and Species Loss
- Reaching Out to Environmentalists About Population Growth and Family Planning
- How a Gold Mining Boom Is Killing Children in Nigeria
- Melanne Verveer and Others at Heinrich Böll Gender Equity and Sustainable Development Conference
- Top 10 Posts for February 2012
- Military-to-Military Environmental Cooperation: Still a Good Idea for China and the United States
- February (29)
- USAID’s New Climate Strategy Outlines Adaptation, Mitigation Priorities, Places Heavy Emphasis on Integration
- USAID’s Donald Steinberg on Futures Analysis for International Development
- Programming to Address the Health and Livelihood Needs of Adolescent Girls
- The Sahel’s Complex Vulnerability to Food Crises
- Integration, Communication Across Sectors a Must, Say Speakers at 2012 NCSE Environment and Security Conference (Updated)
- The U.S. Military, Climate Change, and Maritime Boundaries
- Kaitlin Shilling: Climate Conflict and Export Crops in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Stuck: Rwandan Youth and the Struggle for Adulthood (Book Preview)
- Championing Women’s Rights and Population Issues in Kenya With the ‘Reject’
- The Ramsar Convention: A New Window for Environmental Diplomacy?
- Taking a Livelihoods Approach to Understanding Environmental Security
- Dialogue TV With Sharon Burke, Neil Morisetti, and Geoff Dabelko
- Assigning Value to Biodiversity, and the 2011 Human Development Report
- Afghanistan and Pakistan: Demographic Siblings? [Part Two]
- Afghanistan’s First Demographic and Health Survey Reveals Surprises [Part One]
- Challenge of Making Climate Change News Sound Newsy
- ‘Marketplace’ and ‘NewsHour’ Highlight Population, Health, and Environment Program in the Philippines
- Democratic Republic of Congo and Madagascar Connect Family Planning With Environmental Health
- Political Demography: How Population Changes Are Reshaping International Security and National Politics (Book Launch)
- Pop at COP: Population and Family Planning at the UN Climate Negotiations
- The Real Population Bomb: Megacities, Global Security, and the Map of the Future (Book Preview)
- Ryan Britton: Addressing Population in Science Media for ‘EarthSky’
- Saudi Arabia’s Youth and the Kingdom’s Future
- Papua New Guinea Youth Conflict Study Reveals Effects of Civil War on Young Men
- Water and Population: Limits to Growth?
- Securing Development and Peace in the Niger Delta: A Social and Conflict Analysis for Change
- Top 10 Posts for January 2012
- What Would It Take To Help People ‘and’ the Planet?
- Is Foreign Aid Worth the Cost?
- January (19)
- Indonesia: Pioneering Community Outreach Creates Success Story
- Richard Black: Future Climate-Migration Interactions Will Stress Cities, “Trap” Vulnerable Populations
- Call for Papers: Reducing Urban Poverty
- ‘New Security Beat’ Is Five Years Old
- Move Beyond “Water Wars” to Fulfill Water’s Peacebuilding Potential, Says NCSE Panel
- UNEP Maps Conflict, Migration, Environmental Vulnerability in the Sahel
- Securing a Sustainable Future: The Military Takes On a New Mission
- Delivering Solutions: Advancing Dialogue to Improve Maternal Health
- New Research on Climate and Conflict Links Shows Challenges for the Field
- A Call for Young People to “Get Angry” About Global Warming
- ECSP at the 12th Annual NCSE Environment and Security Conference
- Jon Barnett: Should Climate Change Be Addressed by the UN Security Council?
- Iran: A Seemingly Unlikely Setting for World’s Fastest Demographic Transition
- Assessing Africa’s Youth Bulge
- Jon Barnett: Climate Adaptation Not Just Building Infrastructure, But Expanding Options
- Do High Food Prices Cause Social Unrest?
- Migration and Environmental Change, Minority Land Rights and Livelihoods
- Top 10 Posts for 2011
- Three New Reports Highlight Ongoing Significance of Youth Demographics in Global Trends
- December (16) ▼ ►
- 2011 (364)
- December (29)
- The Unconquered: In Search of the Amazon’s Last Uncontacted Tribes
- Engaging Faith-Based Organizations on Maternal Health
- Managing the Planet: The Road to Rio+20
- IRP Editors Cover Rwanda’s Population, Health, and Environment Challenges
- Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues on Durban and the Role of Women in Combating Climate Change
- In Somalia, Beyond the Immediate Crises, Demography Reveals a Long-Term Challenge
- Climate Diplomacy in Perspective
- From Dakar: Explaining Population Growth and Family Planning to Environmentalists
- How Much Did the Climate Talks in Durban Accomplish?
- Pulitzer Center Launches Collaborative Reporting Project on Reproductive Health
- Watch: Dr. Vik Mohan on Integrating Family Planning and Conservation in Madagascar
- Famine and Food Insecurity in the Horn of Africa: A Man-Made Disaster?
- Can “Climate-Smart Agriculture” Help Feed Africa’s Growing Population?
- Climate Change, Uncertainty, and Conflict in the Niger River Basin
- Why South Asia Needs a Kabul Water Treaty
- The Legacy of Little America: Aid and Reconstruction in Afghanistan
- Youth Need More Information on Climate, Population Links
- Sanitation and Water MDGs in the Middle East and North Africa: Missing the Target?
- PHE Champions Bring Their Experiences From the Field to the International Family Planning Conference in Senegal
- New UNEP Climate Report Says Women Face “Disproportionately High Risks”
- Watch ‘Mother Jones’’ Kate Sheppard on Covering the Evolving Environment and Reproductive Rights Beat
- African Women, Most Vulnerable to Climate Change, Are Agents of Change
- Gender, Family Planning Should Be Part of Climate Discussions, Says Mary Robinson
- Compromise Is Hard: The Problems and Promise of REDD+
- Addressing Gender-Based Violence Across Humanitarian Development in Haiti
- New Population, Health, and Environment Program for Lake Victoria
- At Family Planning Plenary, Youth’s Messages Captivate Audience
- Reaching Rural Rwandans With Integrated Health and Livelihood Messages
- Top 10 Posts for November 2011
- November (28)
- Book Preview: In ‘War and Conflict in Africa’, GWU Scholar Skeptical That Natural Resources Play a Leading Role
- The Yasuní-ITT Initiative Is a Practical Climate Solution That Must Be Embraced at Durban
- UNiTE To End Violence Against Women
- Supply and Demand, Land and Power in the Global South
- 7 Billion: Reporting on Population and the Environment
- Lifting the Veil: What Can We Learn From EITI Reports?
- George Washington University’s PISA Helps Share Rural Vietnamese Climate Adaptation Strategies
- Glacial Lake Outburst Floods: "The Threat From Above"
- Book Review: ‘Plundered Nations? Successes and Failures in Natural Resource Extraction’
- Watch: Geoff Dabelko on Climate Adaptation and Peacebuilding at SXSW
- Geoengineering for Decision Makers
- Reducing Urban Poverty: A New Generation of Ideas
- In Colombia, Rural Communities Face Uphill Battle for Land Rights
- Jotham Musinguzi on Investing in Family Planning for Development in Uganda
- Food Security, the Climate-Security Link, and Community-Based Adaptation
- Healthy People, Healthy Ecosystems: Results From a Public-Private Partnership
- Maternal Health in Kenya: New Research Unnecessary, Time to Address Existing Gaps
- Twin Challenges: Population and Climate Change in 2050
- Rwanda: Dramatic Uptake in Contraceptive Use Spurs Unprecedented Fertility Decline
- Watch: Ann Blanc on Finding Unique Partnerships to Address Maternal Health Needs
- Improving Maternal Health: A Conversation With Kenyan Field Workers and Policymakers
- Good Company: ‘New Security Beat’ Honored for Best Population Commentary
- Safeguarding South Asia’s Water Security
- Coffee Farmer and Extension Manager Promotes Improved Health and Livelihoods in Rwandan Coffee Communities
- STATcompiler: Visualizing Population and Health Trends
- New Report Launched: ‘The World’s Water’, Volume Seven
- Top 10 Posts for October 2011
- Bring the Water-Energy Nexus to Rio+20
- October (28)
- Seven Ways Seven Billion People Affect the Planet
- Day of 7 Billion Puts Future Generations in Spotlight
- The Planet at 7 Billion: Lessons from Somalia
- Watch: Gidon Bromberg Gives an Update on Jordan River Rehabilitation Efforts
- How Did We Arrive at 7 Billion – and Where Do We Go From Here? [Part Two]
- How Did We Arrive at 7 Billion – and Where Do We Go From Here? [Part One]
- Watch: Understanding Peak Water Can Help Us "Avoid the Worst Disasters," Says Peter Gleick
- People and Wildlife Compete in East Africa’s Albertine Rift
- Peter Gleick: Population Dynamics Key to Sustainable Water Solutions
- Water and Poverty in a World of 9 Billion, Vulnerable Agriculture in the Niger Basin
- Sex and Sustainability: Reflections For My Son Nick
- Watch: Scott Wallace on the Amazon’s Last Uncontacted Tribes and the Intersection Between Human Rights and Conservation
- Health and Harmony: Population, Health, and Environment in Indonesia
- Rwanda’s 2010 Demographic and Health Survey Shows Remarkable Drop in Fertility and Child Mortality
- PHE Is One Great Idea That Won’t Be On the Rio Agenda, Says Roger-Mark De Souza
- Minority Youth Bulges and the Future of Intrastate Conflict
- Panetta: Diplomacy and Development Part of Wider Strategy to Achieve Security; Will They Survive Budget Environment?
- Jon Foley: How to Feed Nine Billion and Keep the Planet Too
- Lisa Hymas on Envisioning a Different Future With Family Planning in Ethiopia
- Silent Suffering: Maternal Morbidities in Developing Countries
- The Complexity of Scaling Up
- Strengthening the Voices of Women Champions for Family Planning and Reproductive Health
- Women and Water: Streams of Development
- Watch: First Impressions From the Inaugural SXSW Eco Conference
- Watch: Dennis Taenzler on Four Key Steps for REDD+ to Avoid Becoming a Source of Conflict
- El Niño, Conflict, and Environmental Determinism: Assessing Climate’s Links to Instability
- Top 10 Posts for September 2011
- Weathering Change: New Film Links Climate Adaptation and Family Planning
- September (26)
- SXSW Eco Panel: Three Great Ideas That Won’t Be On the Rio+20 Agenda
- Aaron Wolf on Water Management, Agriculture, and Population Growth in the Middle East
- Women Leaders Urge Stronger Advocacy on Health and Public Policy
- Ethiopia’s 2011 Demographic and Health Survey: Remarkable Fertility Decline, Continued Rural Health Challenges
- Digging Deeper: Water, Women, and Conflict
- Remembrance: Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace Prize Winner, Linked Environment and Conflict
- Reproductive Health’s Connection to Global Problems
- Gates and Winnefeld: Development a Fundamental Part of National Security
- What If Experts Are Wrong On World Population Growth?
- Broadening Development’s Impact: From Sustainability to Governance and Security
- Perfect Storm? Population Pressures, Natural Resource Constraints, and Climate Change in Bangladesh
- Loren Landau: We Need to Move Beyond Traditional Views of Migration
- Babatunde Osotimehin Answers Seven Questions on Population
- Food Security and Conflict Done Badly…
- Development or Security: Which Comes First?
- What Somalia Teaches Us: Sanitation, Health, and Conflict
- Water: Asia’s New Battleground
- Debts, Deficits, and Development
- Rich Thorsten on Water Sanitation, Population, and Urbanization in the Developing World
- Family Planning and Seven Billion at the Aspen Institute
- Is it Time for Sustainable Development Goals?
- Watch: Don Lauro on How Integrated Development Deepens Community Involvement
- Family Planning Can Help in Afghanistan
- Top 10 Posts for August 2011
- Karen Seto on the Environmental Impact of Expanding Cities [Part Two]
- Karen Seto on the Environmental Impact of Expanding Cities [Part One]
- August (32)
- Population and Development, Scarcity and Fairness
- Pakistan’s Biggest Threats May Not Be What You Think They Are
- ‘Dialogue’ TV: Revisiting Mr. Y and “A National Strategic Narrative”
- Certification: The Path to Conflict-Free Minerals from Congo
- Redrawing the Map of the World’s International River Basins
- What’s in a Name? Watch Don Lauro on PHE, HELP, and HELPS
- Youth Bulge and Societal Conflicts: Have Peacekeepers Made a Difference?
- IRP and TIME Collaborate on Indonesia’s Palm Oil Dilemma
- Kenya’s New Data Website Puts the Ball in Media’s Court
- The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in Maternal and Newborn Health Care
- Improving Human Health and Conservation in Madagascar’s Forest Communities
- Public-Health Campaigns as Outsized Threats to Authoritarian Rule
- The Hungry Planet: Global Food Scarcity in the 21st Century
- Why Women’s Rights Are Key to Thriving in the Age of the “Black Swan”
- International River Basins: Mapping Institutional Resilience to Climate Change
- Next Step, Clean Up the Niger Delta: The UNEP Ogoni Environmental Report
- Benefits of Integrating Population, Health, and Environment
- The World at 7 Billion: Can We Stop Growing Now?
- Conflict Minerals in the DRC: Still Fighting Over the Dodd-Frank Act, One Year Later
- Environmental Cooperation for Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone
- Fistula, Stigmatization, and Development
- PRB’s Population Data Sheet 2011: The Demographic Divide
- Watch: Aaron Wolf on the Himalayan and Other Transboundary Water Basins, Climate Change, and Institutional Resilience
- Beyond Supply Risks: The Conflict Potential of Natural Resources
- Backdraft: Minimizing Conflict in Climate Change Responses
- Sajeda Amin on Population Growth, Urbanization, and Gender Rights in Bangladesh
- What’s the Impact of Family Planning in the Developing World?
- Population, Health, and Environment Approaches in Tanzania
- Reducing Health Inequities to Better Weather Climate Change
- Maternal Health Challenges in Kenya: What New Research Evidence Shows
- The Year of Drought and Flood
- Top 10 Posts for July 2011
- July (25)
- The Specter of “Climate Wars”
- Watch: Alecia Fields on Population, Health, and Environment Advocacy with the Sierra Club
- Maternal Health in Kenya From a Human Rights Perspective
- Second Generation Biofuels and Revitalizing African Agriculture
- Maternal Health Challenges in Kenya: An Overview of the Meetings
- Drought Does Not Equal Famine
- Farahnaz Zahidi Moazzam on the Population Reference Bureau’s “Women’s Edition” Trip to Ethiopia
- In Rush for Land, Is it All About Water?
- Indonesia’s Military and Climate Change
- Water, Energy, and the U.S. Department of Defense
- UN Security Council Debates Climate Change
- Failed States Index 2011
- Leona D'Agnes on Evaluating PHE Service Delivery in the Philippines
- Life on the Edge: Climate Change and Reproductive Health in the Philippines
- Pakistan’s Demographic Dilemma
- Watch: Michael Renner on Creating Positive Opportunities From Disasters
- Preparing for the Impact of a Changing Climate on U.S. Humanitarian and Disaster Response
- In FOCUS: To Live With the Sea: Reproductive Health Care and Marine Conservation in Madagascar
- World Population Day 2011: The Year of Seven Billion
- Watch ‘Dialogue’ TV on Severe Weather and Climate Change: Is There a Connection?
- Rare Earths No More?
- Double Choke Point: Demand for Energy Tests Water Supply and Economic Stability in China and the U.S.
- Consumption and Global Growth: How Much Does Population Contribute to Carbon Emissions?
- Women, Food Security, and Peacebuilding
- Top 10 Posts for June 2011
- June (34)
- Quality and Quanitity: The State of the World’s Midwifery in 2011
- Nepal to East Africa: Population, Health, and Environment Programs Compared
- In FOCUS Coffee and Community: Combining Agribusiness and Health in Rwanda
- Ecological Tourism and Development in Chi Phat, Cambodia
- Watch: Demographic Security 101 With Elizabeth Leahy Madsen
- Why Fund Both Farm Subsidies and Foreign Aid?
- Watch ‘Dialogue’ TV on the Future of Women and the Arab Spring
- A Death Foretold
- Women in Agriculture: Closing the Gender Gap for Development and World Hunger
- Food Security in Kenya’s Yala Swamp
- Watch: Richard Matthew at TEDxChange on Natural Resources, Conflict, and Environmental Peacemaking
- Enhancing Public Engagement in Climate Change: The 2011 Climate Change Communicators of the Year
- New Oxfam Report Tackles Broken Food System
- The Implications of Urbanization on Food Security and Child Mortality of the Urban Poor
- Will Expanding “Human Security” Really Improve People’s Lives?
- Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?
- China’s Other Looming Choke Point: Food Production
- Finding the Right Paddle: Navigating Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies
- Pakistan’s Population Bomb Defused?
- Watch: Catherine Kyobutungi on Monitoring the Health Needs of Urban Slums
- Helping Hands: An Integrated Approach to Development
- Global Climate Change Vulnerability and the Risk of Conflict
- Book Launch: ‘Human Population: Its Influence on Biological Diversity’
- Save the Date: “Maternal Health Challenges in Kenya: What Research Evidence Shows”
- One in Three People Will Live in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2100, Says UN
- Aquaculture’s Promise for Food-Insecure Pakistan
- Watch: Younger Generation Will Prioritize Health, Education, Human Rights, Says Frederick Burkle
- The Future of Women in the MENA Region: A Tunisian and Egyptian Perspective
- Measuring Ecosystem Vitality and Public Health With the Environmental Performance Index
- Yemen Beyond the Headlines: Losing the Battle to Balance Water Supply and Population Growth
- Watch: Janani Vivekananda on Climate Change and Stability in Fragile States
- Yemen Beyond the Headlines: Governance, State Capacity, and the U.S.
- Top 10 Posts for May 2011
- Health Development: Providing Free Care and Overcoming Gender-Based Violence
- May (31)
- Mozambique Coal Mine Brings Jobs, Concerns
- Yemen Beyond the Headlines: Women’s Health and Well-Being, Foundations of a Fragile State
- Admiral Mullen: “Security Means More Than Defense”
- USAID Egypt’s Health and Population Legacy Review
- The Truth About the Three Gorges Dam
- Environmental Action Plans in Darfur: Improving Resilience, Reducing Vulnerability
- Watch: Eric Kaufmann on How Demography Is Enhancing Religious Fundamentalism
- Biofuels: The Grassroots Solution
- Mapping Population and Climate Change
- Winning Hearts and Minds: An Interview with Chief Naval Officer Admiral Gary Roughead
- Bolivia: A Return to Pachamama?
- USAID, Muslim Separatists, and Politics in the Southern Philippines
- The Walk to Water in Conflict-Affected Areas
- Connections Between Climate and Stability: Lessons From Asia and Africa
- The Mineral Security of the United States
- India’s Quest for a Lower Carbon Footprint
- Watch: Edward Carr on Delivering Development and Rethinking Assumptions
- Ten Billion: UN Updates Population Projections
- Family Planning as a Strategic Focus of U.S. Foreign Policy
- Population and Environment Connections: The Role of Family Planning in U.S. Foreign Policy
- Report: Family Planning and U.S. Foreign Policy
- Reporting on Global Health: A Conversation With the International Reporting Project Fellows
- A New Security Narrative: What’s America’s Story for the 21st Century?
- How Does Organic Farming in the U.S. Affect Global Food Security?
- Population Growth and Climate Change Threaten Urban Freshwater Provision
- Designing Health and Population Programs to Improve Equity: Moving Beyond the Rhetoric
- Where Does It Hurt? Climate Vulnerability Index
- Managing Our Forests: Carbon, Climate Change, and Fire
- Accessing Maternal Health Care Services in Urban Slums: What Do We Know?
- Top 10 Posts for April 2011
- Coping with Change: Climate Adaptation Today
- April (30)
- Watch ‘Dialogue’ TV on Integrating Development, Population, Health, and the Environment
- Watch: Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba on Population and National Security
- The U.S. Government’s Response to Disasters: Myth, Mistakes, and Recovery
- Watch: Addressing the National Security Implications of U.S. Oil Dependency
- Aspen Institute: The Revolution We Need in Food Security and Population
- Population Growth and its Relation to Poverty, the Environment, and Human Rights
- Making Life Easier in Rural Tanzania
- Overcoming Pakistan’s Demographic Challenges
- Is Universal Access to Family Planning a Realistic Goal for Sub-Saharan Africa?
- Dividend or Deficit? The Economic Effects of Population Age Structure
- Watch: Frederick Burkle on Lessons from Haiti and Professionalizing Humanitarian Assistance
- Our Shared Future: Environmental Pathways to Peace
- Integrating Development: A Livelihood Approach to Population, Health, and Environment Programs
- UN Releases Early Results of Global Population Projections
- Climate Adaptation, Development, and Peacebuilding in Fragile States
- PRB Discussion on Population and National Security
- Madagascar, Past and Future: Lessons From Population, Health, and Environment Programs
- In Search of a New Security Narrative
- Watch: Elizabeth Leahy Madsen Explains the Demography-Civil Conflict Interface in Less Than Two Minutes
- UK Helping to Relieve Climate-Related Stress on China’s Agriculture
- What “Lost” Cultures Can Contribute to Management of Our Planet
- Book Review: Envisioning a Broader Context to Security With ‘The Ultimate Weapon is No Weapon’
- Innovations From Development to Delivery
- Watch: Dan Smith on How International Alert Builds Peace
- Tunisia Predicted: Demography and the Probability of Liberal Democracy in the Greater Middle East
- ‘The Fence’ on U.S.-Mexico Border: Ineffective, Destructive, Absurd, Say Filmmakers
- Biofuels: Food, Fuel, and Future?
- What’s the Link Between Population and Nuclear Energy?
- Top 10 Posts for March 2011
- Forest Conservation Method a Fit for Canada’s Oil Sands?
- March (33)
- The Impact of Environmental Change and Geography on Conflict
- Book Launch: ‘The Future Faces of War: Population and National Security,’ by Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba
- Watch Michael Renner on Improving Environmental Peacebuilding by Moving From the Technical to the Social
- The Gathering Global Food Storm
- Building a Gender Strategy for the Afghanistan Ministry of Public Health
- Integrated Approach Helps “Model Farmers” Increase Productivity
- Surging on a Knife’s Edge
- Watch: David Lopez Carr and Liza Grandia on Rural Population Growth and Development in Guatemala
- The Continuing Challenges of Integrated Development
- “Better Bang for the Buck” With the Population, Health, and Environment Consortium
- USAID: Maternal Deaths in Bangladesh Decline by 40 Percent in Less Than 10 Years
- Congressional Hearing: Clean Water Access Is a Global Crisis, Human Right, and National Security Issue
- China’s Green Five-Year Plan: Making “Ecological Security” a National Strategy
- Congressional Report: Avoiding “Water Wars” in Central and South Asia
- Somali Piracy Shows How an Environmental Issue Can Evolve Into a Security Crisis
- Managing the Planet’s Freshwater
- Make Sure Women Can Lead in the Middle East
- Watch: Roger-Mark De Souza on the Scaling Advantages of Population, Health, and Environment Integration
- Mapping the Hot Spots of the 2010/11 Food Crisis
- Rural Poverty: The Bottom One Billion
- Watch: Richard Cincotta on Political Demography and Unrest in the Middle East
- Engineering Solutions to the Infrastructure and Scarcity Challenges of Population Seven Billion (and Beyond)
- Celebrating Ordinary Women Doing Extraordinary Things to Improve Gender Equality and Maternal Health Worldwide
- World Bank Pipeline Project in Chad Reveals Development Challenges
- Of Revolutions, Regime Change, and State Collapse in the Arab World
- Watch: Stephan Bognar on Integrated Development for Donors and Practitioners
- What’s Behind Iraq’s Day of Rage? It’s Pretty Basic
- Joan Castro on Integrated Population and Coastal Resource Management in the Southern Philippines
- Carrying Capacity: Should We Be Aiming to Survive or Flourish?
- Youth Revolt in Egypt: A Country at the Turning Point
- Encouraging Childhood Education and Birth Spacing as an Approach to Conservation
- Watch: Sir John Sulston on the Royal Society’s People and the Planet Study
- Top 10 Posts for February 2011
- February (32)
- ‘Dialogue’ Interviews International Reporting Project Fellows on Liberia
- Choke Point China: Escalating Confrontation Between Water Scarcity and Energy Demand Has Global Implications
- Mapping Demographics in WWF Priority Conservation Areas
- The Middle East’s Demographic Destiny
- Watch: Laurie Mazur on a Pivotal Moment for the Global Environment and World Population
- Deforestation, Population, and Development in a Warming World: A Roundtable on Latin America
- Coverage Wrap-up: Institutional Shifts, Development-as-Security, Women’s Empowerment, and Complex New Threats
- USAID’s Role in National Security
- Health, Demographics, and the Environment in Southeast Asia
- Watch: Geoff Dabelko and John Sewell on Integrating Environment, Development, and Security and the QDDR
- Promoting Family Planning and Livelihoods for a Healthy Environment in Uganda
- Civilian Power in a Complex, Uncertain World
- Can Women Help Make Peace Agreements Sustainable?
- Watch: Teaching Environment and Security at West Point
- Yemen’s Revolt Won’t Be Like Egypt or Tunisia
- Demographic Trends and Policy Implications in Northeast Asia
- Climate-Induced Migration: Catastrophe or Adaptation Strategy?
- Eliya Zulu on Population Growth, Family Planning, and Urbanization in Africa
- A Dialogue on Managing the Planet
- Food Price Shocks and Instability Highlight Weaknesses in Governance and Markets
- A Conversation on Art and Social Change
- Why the Poorest Aren’t Necessarily the Most Vulnerable to Food Price Shocks
- Reality Check: Challenges and Innovations in Addressing Postpartum Hemorrhage
- The International Framework for Climate-Induced Displacement
- First Steps on Human Security and Emerging Risks
- More on Tunisia’s Age Structure, its Measurement, and the Knowledge Derived
- ‘Blood in the Mobile’ Documents the Conflict Minerals of Eastern Congo
- Book Preview: ‘The Future Faces of War: Population and National Security’
- Mapping Muslim Population Growth
- Improving Health and Preserving Ecosystems in the Democratic Republic of Congo
- Book Preview: ‘Environmental Politics: Scale and Power’
- Top 10 Posts for January 2011
- January (36)
- U.S.-Mexico Cooperation in Renewable Energies
- A Lens Into Liberia: Experiences from IRP Gatekeepers
- The Age of Revolution? Demography Experts Comment on Tunisia’s Shot at Democracy
- Is the Glass Half Full or Half Empty?
- Taiwan’s Birth Rate Lowest Recorded in History
- Watch: Joan Castro on Resource Management and Family Planning in the Philippines
- ASRI’s Integrated Health and Conservation Programming in Borneo
- Tunisia’s Shot at Democracy: What Demographics and Recent History Tell Us
- Water Security, Nonproliferation, and Aid Shocks in the Middle East
- Mapping the “Republic of NGOs” in Haiti
- China’s Biggest Environmental Stories of 2010/11
- Elizabeth Malone on Climate Change and Glacial Melt in High Asia
- Watch: Amy Webb Girard on Integrated Development Strategies for Improved Women’s Nutrition
- National Geographic's Population Seven Billion
- In FOCUS: To Get HELP, Add Livelihoods to Population, Health, and Environment
- Doing Research on Reproductive Health, Environment, and Security?
- Turning Up the Water Pressure [Part Two]
- Turning Up the Water Pressure [Part One]
- Haiti 2011: Looking One Year Back and Twenty Years Forward
- Watch: Cynthia Brady on Natural Resources, Climate Change, and Conflict at USAID
- Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts: Quantifying the Integration of Population, Health, and Environment in Development
- Women and Climate Change
- Civil-Military Interface Still Lacks Operational Clarity
- Integrated Development in PHE: Updates From Ethiopia and the Philippines
- UNEP/PCDMB Progress Report From Brussels
- Women and Youth in 21st Century Statecraft
- Watch: Annie Wallace on Connecting PHE Approaches With Climate and Poverty
- Abdalah Overcomes the Odds
- Peter Gleick on Peak Water
- Gender-Based Violence in the DRC
- ‘Clear Gold’ Report From CSIS
- A Crucial Connection: India’s Natural Security
- Paradise Beneath Her Feet: How Women Are Transforming the Middle East
- New Insights Into the Population Growth Factor in Development
- End of the Year Edition: Top 10 Posts for 2010
- Top 10 Posts for December 2010
- December (29) ▼ ►
- 2010 (328)
- December (28)
- A Review of Brazil’s Environmental Policies and Challenges Ahead
- The Cholera Quandary
- Those Who Would Carry the Water
- ‘New Security Beat’ Goes Mobile and a Guide to ECSP Media Sources
- Maternal Undernutrition
- The Role of Population Dynamics in Climate Adaptation
- U of M’s ‘Momentum’ on Water Scarcity, Population, and Climate Change
- Watch: Too Few or Too Many?
- Demographic Security Comes to the Hill
- Judith Bruce on Empowering Adolescent Girls in Post-Earthquake Haiti
- The GRRT Toolkit for Humanitarian Aid
- The World’s Toilet Crisis
- Watch: Joel E. Cohen on Solving the Resource-Population Equation in the Developing World
- Whither the Demographic Arc of Instability?
- COP-16 Cancun Coverage Wrap-up
- Bringing Cambodia Back from the Brink: An Audio Interview with Suwanna Gauntlett
- Expanding Access to Maternal Health Commodities
- The Number Left Out: Bringing Population Into the Climate Conversation
- From Cancun: Getting a Climate Green Fund
- Hans Rosling Double Feature: ‘The Joy of Stats’ on BBC and Population Growth at TED
- Afghanistan’s Non-Confrontational Conservation
- International Responses to Pakistan’s Water Crisis
- From Cancun: Roger-Mark De Souza on Women and Integrated Climate Adaptation Strategies
- Nervous Neighbors: China-India Water Relations
- Empowering Women in the Muslim World
- Top 10 Posts for November 2010
- Managing the Mekong: Conflict or Compromise?
- World AIDS Day 2010: Not Yet in a Position to Say “Mission Accomplished”
- November (30)
- Changing Glaciers and Hydrology in Asia
- IGWG’s K4Health Gender and Health Toolkit Is a One-Stop Shop for Integration
- Climate-Proofing Development: An Interview With Karen Hardee
- PRB’s Jay Gribble at Kenya’s National Leaders Conference on Population and Development
- Food and Environmental Insecurity a Factor in North Korean Shelling?
- Watch: Blue Ventures PHE Program in Madagascar
- ECSP Seeking Interns for Spring 2011
- Robert Walker on Family Planning Promotion and Global Population Growth
- What’s Good for Women Is Good for the Planet
- Nigeria’s Future Clouded by Oil, Climate Change, and Scarcity [Part Two, The Sahel]
- Nigeria’s Future Clouded by Oil, Climate Change, and Scarcity [Part One, The Delta]
- Human and Climate Security in Africa
- Colin Kahl on Demography, Scarcity, and the "Intervening Variables" of Conflict
- Former Botswana President Champions Health, Governance Issues
- Poverty, Politics, and Pollution
- Governing the Far North: Assessing Cooperation Between Arctic and Non-Arctic Nations
- No Peace Without Women
- Yale Environment 360: ‘When The Water Ends: Africa’s Climate Conflicts’
- John Bongaarts on the Impacts of Demographic Change in the Developing World
- Where Have All the Malthusians Gone?
- Blue Ventures’ Integrated PHE Initiative in Madagascar
- The Ultimate Weapon Is No Weapon: Human Security and the New Rules of War and Peace
- Demography and Women's Empowerment: Urgency for Action?
- Fixing the Sky: The Checkered History of Weather and Climate Control
- Mapping World Bank-Funded Projects
- Tamara Kreinin on Women's Empowerment, Population Growth, and Sustainability
- Meeting the Health Challenges of the Urban Poor
- Rare Earths Intrigue: In Response to Chinese Ban, Japan and Vietnam Make a Deal
- Mobile Phones for Maternal Health in the Developing World
- Top 10 Posts for October 2010
- October (31)
- PATH Foundation’s ‘Population, Health, and Environment Leadership as a Way of Life’
- Watch: David Aylward on How Wireless Technology is Changing Global Health and Empowering Women
- Energy and Climate Change in the Context of National Security
- Watch: Alex Evans on Natural Resource Supply and Demand, Scarcity, and Resilience
- Christian Leuprecht on Demography, Conflict, and Sub-National Security
- Rape, Resource Management, and the UN in Congo: What Can Be Done?
- Watch: Population, Health, and Environment in Ethiopia
- UNFPA State of World Population 2010
- Assessing Our Impact on the World's Rivers
- Barbara Crossette on UNFPA State of the World Population 2010 Report
- Laurie Mazur at SEJ 2010 on ‘A Pivotal Moment: Population, Justice, and the Environmental Challenge’
- Brian O’Neill: Population is Neither a Silver Bullet nor a Red Herring in Climate Problem
- New Study Finds Lower Population Growth Could Cut Carbon Emissions
- MDGs for Women Largely Unmet
- Meeting the Needs of Latin America's Rural and Urban Populations
- Youth on Fire at UN Climate Talks in Tianjin
- Admiral Mullen and the "Strategic Imperative" of Energy Security
- Welcome Back, Roger-Mark: A Powerful Voice Returns to PHE
- The “Condom King” speaks at TEDxChange on Poverty Reduction and a “9th MDG”
- Tracking the End Game: Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement
- Youth Delegation Makes a Splash at UNFCCC
- What You're Saying: Uncommon Discourse on Climate-Security Linkages
- Rare Earths Wake-Up, Aid Shocks, and the "Securitization" Distraction
- Wilson Center Scholar Huma Yusuf on Pakistan's Population Policy: Will it Work?
- Tackling Youth Unemployment, Instability in Kenya
- Nicholas Kristof on Maternal Health Challenges and Opportunities
- Choke Point U.S.: Understanding the Tightening Conflict Between Energy and Water in the Era of Climate Change
- Ethiopian Case Study Illustrates Shortcomings of “Land Grab” Debate
- Google Data Maps Development Indicators
- The Tenth Parallel: Dispatches From the Fault Line Between Christianity and Islam
- Top 10 Posts for September 2010
- September (30)
- India’s Threat from Within
- Jon Barnett on Climate Change, Small Island States, and Migration
- Integrated Analysis for Development and Security Policymakers
- Pakistan After the Floods: A Continuing Disaster
- Syria: Beyond the Euphrates
- Apply Today: Deadline Approaching for Wilson Center Fellowship Applications
- Weather as a Weapon: The Troubling History of Geoengineering So Far
- Latin America’s Future: Emerging Trends in Economic Growth and Environmental Protection
- The Effects of Climate Change on Water in South Africa and Tibet
- Women, Water and Conflict as Development Priorities Plus Some Geoengineering Context
- Circle of Blue Launches ‘Choke Point: U.S.’ Series Examining Intersection of Water and Energy Resources
- Alex Evans on Resource Scarcity and Global Consumption
- U.S. v. China: The Global Battle for Hearts, Minds, and Resources
- UN Millennium Development Goals Summit: PHE On the Side
- Iraq: Steve Lonergan on the Southern Marshes
- Environmental Security Along the U.S.-Mexico Border
- Israel and Lebanon: New Natural Gas Riches in the Levant
- A Blueprint for Action on the U.S.-Mexico Border
- Joseph Speidel on Population, the Environment, and Growth
- Improving Monitoring, Transparency, and Accountability for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health
- Climate Science, Military and Gender Roles, and the Tibetan Plateau
- Yemen: Population, Environment, and Security Collide
- Climate-Security Linkages Lost in Translation
- New World Bank Report on Land Grabs Is a Dud
- Saleem Ali at TEDxUVM on Environmental Peacemaking
- The Dead Sea: A Pathway to Peace for Israel and Jordan?
- GMHC 2010: Lessons Learned & Recommendations
- Top 10 Posts for August 2010
- ‘Watch Live: September 2, 2010’ Integrated Analysis for Development and Security: Scarcity and Climate, Population, and Natural Resources
- GMHC 2010: Maternal Health Realities: Accountability and Behavior Change
- August (25)
- Iraq: Water, Power, Trash, and Security
- GMHC 2010: Empowering the Next Generation
- ‘NSB’ Blogs from the 2010 Global Maternal Health Conference in New Delhi
- The Complexities of Decarbonizing China's Power Sector
- The Future of Sub-Saharan Africa’s Tentative Fertility Decline
- When National Security Overlaps With Human Security
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- “All Consuming:” U of M’s ‘Momentum’ on Population, Health, Environment, and More
- Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in the Agricultural Sector
- Historic Floods Plague Pakistan
- Fire in the Hole: A Look Inside India’s Hidden Resource War
- Floods, Fire, Landslides, and Drought: The Guardian’s “Weather Crisis 2010”
- ‘Interview with Maria Ivanova, Wilson Center Scholar:’ Engaging Civil Society in Global Environmental Governance
- ‘UK Royal Society: Call for Submissions’ "People and the Planet" Study To Examine Population, Environment, Development Links
- Misguided Projections for Africa's Fertility
- How Maternal Mortality and Morbidity Impact Economic Development
- Flooded With Food Insecurity in Pakistan
- Land, Education, and Fertility in Rural Kenya
- “There Is No Choice:” Climate, Health, Water, Food Security Must Be Integrated, Say Experts
- Seven Billion and Counting
- Reform Aid to Pakistan's Health Sector, Says Former Wilson Center Scholar
- The Conflict Potential of Climate Adaptation and Mitigation
- Boosting the U.S. Role in the Global Health Arena
- Top 10 Posts for July 2010
- ‘Restrepo’: Inside Afghanistan's Korengal Valley
- July (31)
- PRB Maps the PHE World
- Ban Ki-moon: Natural Resources Should Be Part of Peacebuilding
- Interview With Wilson Center Scholar Margaret Wamuyu Muthee: Envisioning a New Future for Kenya’s Next Generation
- Drug Barons, Poachers, Ranchers, Oh My! Guatemala’s Forests Under Siege
- ‘Dialogue Television’ on Rebuilding Haiti
- Addressing Gender-Based Violence to Curb HIV
- Wilson Center's Michael Kugelman Finds the Real Culprit in Pakistan's Water Shortage
- Cleo Paskal: India Is Key to Climate Geopolitics
- A Return to Rural Unrest in Nepal?
- Stephanie Hanson Reports on PHE in Agricultural Development and Rwanda’s ‘One Acre Fund’
- WomanStats Maps Gender-Linked Security Issues
- Landmark Law Takes Aim at the “Resource Curse”
- Harnessing the Peace Potential of Youth in Post-Conflict Societies
- Chad Briggs: Dealing with Risk and Uncertainty in Climate-Security Issues
- Demographics, Depleted Resources, and Al Qaeda Inflame Tensions in Yemen
- In Pakistan, Clinton Calls for Human Security; USAID’s Shah Commends Birth Spacing
- In Kampala, African Leaders Discuss Maternal Health While Attacks Renew Concern over Somalia
- Local Case Studies of Population-Environment Connections
- ‘Dialogue Television’ Interviews Paul Collier
- Rear Admiral Morisetti Launches the UK’s “4 Degree Map” on Google Earth
- DRC’s Conflict Minerals: Can U.S. Law Impact the Violence?
- An "Aye" for an "Aye": Everyone Has a Right to Be Counted
- Stacy VanDeveer: Will Using Less Oil Affect Petrostate Stability?
- New Film Looks at Sub-Saharan Africa’s Unmet Need for Family Planning
- Time to Give a Dam: Alternative Energy as Source of Cooperation or Conflict?
- The United States and China: Clean Energy Friends or Foes?
- India’s Maoists: South Asia’s “Other” Insurgency
- Rough Waters Ahead: Our Changing Ocean
- USAID Head Calls for Integrating Health Services in New Global Health Initiative
- Top 10 Posts for June 2010
- Is the Third Pole the Next Site for Water Crisis?
- June (28)
- U.S. Navy Task Force on Implications of Climate Change
- U.S.-Mexico Cooperation on Renewable Energy: Building a Green Agenda
- ‘Interview:’ Educate Girls, Boys, To Meet the Population Challenge, Say Pakistan’s Leading Demographers
- Interview With Wilson Center Scholar Jill Shankleman: Could Transparency Initiatives Mitigate the Resource Curse in Afghanistan?
- Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Mitigation and Adaptation
- Cutting the Head Off Conservation
- ‘Dialogue Television’ Explores Pakistan's Population Challenge
- Brookings’ “Taking Stock of the Youth Challenge in the Middle East”
- Women Deliver in the Climate Change Debate
- Trillions of Dollars of Minerals? Misusing Geology and Economics to the Detriment of Policy
- Sustainable Development
- Protect Nature to Protect Us: Biodiversity and Adaptation to Climate Change
- Defusing the Bomb: Overcoming Pakistan's Population Challenge
- Women Deliver: Real Solutions for Reproductive Health and Maternal Mortality
- Afghanistan’s Mineral Wealth: Gold Mine, Curse, or Illusion?
- Natural Resource Frontiers at Sea
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- Women Deliver 2010: First Impressions
- ‘The Plundered Planet’: A Discussion With Paul Collier
- Book Review: ‘Climate Conflict: How Global Warming Threatens Security and What to Do About It’ by Jeffrey Mazo
- Rare Earth: A New Roadblock for Sustainable Energy?
- New Security Challenges in Obama’s Grand Strategy
- VIDEO: Paul Collier On Romantics and Ostriches
- Shrinking Desired Family Size and Declining Child Mortality
- Improving Transportation and Referral for Maternal Health
- VIDEO: Family Planning in Conflict Areas
- Top 10 Posts for May 2010
- Voices of World Water Day: Water and Health
- May (36)
- ‘Frontlines’ Interviews John Sewell: "Promoting Development Is a Risky Business"
- Can Food Security Stop Terrorism?
- USDA v. Taliban
- The Eye in the Sky: Using Remote Sensing for Population-Environment Research
- The Contradictions That Define China
- Visualizing Human and Natural Resources
- Urbanization, Climate Change, and Indigenous Populations: Finding USAID’s Comparative Advantage
- Look Beyond Islamabad To Solve Pakistan’s “Other” Threats
- Securing Food in Insecure Areas
- ‘NATO 2020’ Recommendations Avoid “New Security” Challenges
- 21st Century Water
- Political Rhetoric or Policy Reality? Tracking Trends in Environment, Peace, and Security
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- USAID’s Shah Focuses on Women, Innovation, Integration
- Interplays Between Demographic and Climatic Changes
- USAID Launches GeoExplorer: Connecting Natural Resource Management Activities, Practitioners, and Communities
- Coffee and Contraception: Combining Agribusiness and Community Health Projects in Rwanda
- Challenges Found in ‘The Places We Live’
- New Maternal Mortality Statistics: A Catalyst for Increased Investment
- As Somalia Sinks, Neighbors Face a Fight to Stay Afloat
- ‘Campus Beat:’ Finding a Home for Political Demography
- Population and Environmental Challenges in Rwanda
- Don’t Cry for Me, Argentina: Why a Melting Arctic Needs Stronger Governance
- New Research on Population and Climate: The Impact of Demographic Change on Carbon Emissions
- Want to Model Climate Change? There's an App for That
- The Food Security Debate: From Malthus to Seinfeld
- Deepwater Horizon Prompts DOD Relief Efforts, Questions About Energy Security
- Pop-Up Video: Cable News Covers PHE Connections
- Climate Security: Join in the Dialogue!
- DOD Measures Up On Climate Change, Energy
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- Population and Sustainability
- Philippines’ Bohol Province: Elin Torell Reports on Integrating Population, Health, and Environment
- Family Planning in Fragile States
- Thinking Outside the (Lunch) Box: Meat and Family Planning
- Top 10 Posts for April 2010
- April (32)
- Food Security Comes to Capitol Hill, Part Two: Women's Edition
- Food Security Comes to Capitol Hill, Part One
- Parched and Hoarse, Indus Negotiations Continue to Simmer
- Paul Collier Discusses the Plundering of the Planet at the World Bank
- Climate Change and Gender
- VIDEO - A World of Water: Teaching Water Conflict and Cooperation in the Classroom
- Event Update: Sustainable Urbanization
- Water Scarcity in Dhaka: The Mess in Bangladesh
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- Sustainable Urbanization: Strategies For Resilience
- High Altitude Turbulence: Challenges to the Cordillera del Cóndor of Peru
- Climate Change and U.S. Military Strategy
- World Bank President: Climate Policy Is Not "One-Size-Fits All"
- Maternal Health Solutions in Peru
- Integrating Population, Health, and Environment in Ethiopia’s Bale Mountains
- Shape of Things to Come: Uganda’s Demographic Barriers to Democracy
- Shape of Things to Come: A Demographic Perspective of Haiti’s Reconstruction
- ‘The Shape of Things to Come:’ Yemen
Why Women Matter for Demographic Security
- Demobilized Soldiers Developing Water Projects – and Peace
- Book Review: ‘Global Warring: How Environmental, Economic, and Political Crises Will Redraw the World Map’ by Cleo Paskal
- City Living: World Health Day 2010 Focuses on Urban Health
- Watch: Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba on Bringing Demography Into the Classroom
- SOUTHCOM Takes Disaster Response to Google
- Population, Health, and Environment
- VIDEO – Joshua Busby on Climate Change and African Political Stability
- To Invest in a Sustainable Future, Fund Voluntary Family Planning
- A Tough Nut to Crack: Agricultural Remediation Efforts in Afghanistan
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- Canada Flip-Flops on Family Planning, Will the G-8 Follow?
- Top 10 Posts for March 2010
- Conflict and Peacebuilding in Africa
- Send in the Scientists, Says Finnish MP
- March (26)
- On the Air With Arab Demographics
- Guerrillas vs. Gorillas in the Congo Basin
- The Plight of Urban Refugees in Nairobi
- Climate Change and Energy in Defense Doctrine: The QDR and UK Defence Green Paper
- Megatrends: Embracing Complexity in Today’s Population and Migration Challenges
- Maintaining the Momentum: Highlights From the Uganda International Conference on Family Planning
- Demographic Trends
- ‘Wilson Center on the Hill:’ Haiti’s Long Road Ahead
- The Feed for Fresh News on Population
- Energy Is a “Constraint on Our Deployed Forces”: DOD DOEPP Nominee Sharon Burke
- Is the Melting Arctic a Security Challenge or Crisis? The View From Russia and Washington
- Tapping In: ‘Secretary Clinton on World Water Day’
- Maternal and Newborn Health as a Priority for Strengthening Health Systems
- ‘A Question of Quality: ’ World Water Day 2010
- Imagine There Are No Countries: Conservation Beyond Borders in the Balkans
- Family Planning and Reproductive Health
- Climate Change: A Threat to Global Security
- Copper in Afghanistan: Chinese Investment at Aynak
- A Forecast of Push and Pull: Climate Change and Global Migration
- World Bank Data Visualization
- Urbanization and Deforestation
- Green Objections to the Green Line: A Struggle for a Shared Environment in the Middle East
- Visualizing Natural Resources, Population, and Conflict
- The Diane Rehm Show Tackles Water Challenges With ECSP Director Geoff Dabelko
- Healing the Rift: Mitigating Conflict Over Natural Resources in the Albertine Rift
- The Top 10 Posts of 2010 (So Far)
- February (10)
- Monitoring Resources and Conflict
- VIDEO – Juan Dumas on Natural Resources, Conflict, and Peace
- VIDEO – Ken Conca: Future Faces of Water Conflict
- Climate Change and Conflict
- Patriotism: Red, White, and Blue...and Green?
- Video—Ken Conca: ‘Green Planet Blues: Four Decades of Global Environmental Politics’
- VIDEO—Daryl Collins: Portfolios of the Poor—How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day
- VIDEO—Pape Gaye: Improving Maternal Health Training and Services
- Point of View: Investing in Maternal Health
- Video—Integrating Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) to Conserve Ethiopian Wetlands
- January (21)
- Gates: More Money for Global Health Is Good for the Environment
- Oli Brown on Climate Security and Environmental Peacebuilding
- Land Grab: Sacrificing the Environment for Food Security
- Peace Through Parks on Israel's Borders - Dream or Reality?
- Watch: Harriet Birungi: Challenges Facing HIV-Positive Adolescents in Kenya
- Collier and Birdsall: Plunder or Peace
- VIDEO—How the World’s Poor Live on $2 a Day
- Lessons from the Field: Focusing on Environment, Health, and Development to Address Conflict
- Challenges to Covering Population
- Water: The Next Climate Negotiation Tool?
- Water, Conflict, and Cooperation: Practical Concerns for Water Development Projects
- Human Resources for Maternal Health
- Walker's World: From Warming to Warring: A Review of Cleo Paskal's New Book
- Alec Crawford on Climate Change and Conflict in Africa and the Middle East
- An Island of Peace in a Sea of Conflict: The Jordan River Peace Park
- The Top 10 Posts of 2009
- Reforming Development: New Year’s Resolutions for Policymakers
- Welcome Back, Family Planning
- 2010: Worldwide Year of the Census
- How Copenhagen Has Changed Geopolitics: The Real Take-Home Message Is Not What You Think
- Making the Connections: An Integration Wish List for Research, Policy, and Practice
- December (28) ▼ ►
- 2009 (231)
- December (24)
- ‘DotPop: ’ New Toolkit for Population, Health, and Environment
- Price of Coal Surges!
- ‘DotPop:’ Copenhagen’s Collapse: An Opportunity for Population?
- Eco-Tourism: Kenya's Development Engine Under Threat
- Science and Geopolitics in Copenhagen
- VIDEO—Alexander Carius, Adelphi Research: Finding Empirical Evidence for Environmental Peacebuilding
- Amid Blizzards, Protests, and Lock-downs, Population Gets Stunning Moments in the Sun in Copenhagen
- Integrating HIV/AIDS and Maternal Health Services
- Climate Combat? Security Impacts of Climate Change Discussed in Copenhagen
- Google’s Fight Against Climate Change
- The Ambivalent Security Agenda in Copenhagen
- Development Seeking its Place Among the Three “Ds”
- NATO Says Don't Fight the Planet
- Tackling the Biggest Maternal Killer: How the Prevention of Postpartum Hemorrhage Initiative Strengthened Efforts Around the World
- Climate Reporting Awards Live From COP; Revkin To Quit NYT
- Climate and Security Hopes
- Nobel Pursuits: Linking Climate Efforts With Development, Natural Resources, and Stability
- Water Conflicts Enter the Fourth Dimension
- Climate and Security Comes to Copenhagen
- U.S. Policy on Post-Conflict Health Reconstruction
- VIDEO – Integrating Population, Health, and Environment (PHE) in Ethiopia
- Interactive U.S. Map Shows Population, Energy, and Climate Data by State
- UK Leads With a Military Voice on Climate Security
- November's Top 10 Blog Posts on the Beat
- November (19)
- New Tool Maps Deforestation
- Too Much or Too Little? A Changing Climate in the Mekong and Ganges River Basins
- The Kids Aren't Alright: Surveying Pakistan's Youth
- Hot and Cold Wars: Climate, Conflict, and Cooperation
- The Campus Beat: Using Blogs, Facebook, to Teach Environmental Security at West Point
- UNEP’s David Jensen on Linking Environment, Conflict, and Peace in the United Nations
- Start With A Girl: A New Agenda For Global Health
- Traffic Jam: Gender, Labor, Migration, and Trafficking in Dubai
- Pakistan’s Demographic Challenge Is Not Just Economic
- Ethiopia: A Holistic Approach to Community Development Blossoms Two Years After Taking Root
- The Youth Bulge Question
- Covering Climate: What's Population Got to Do With It?
- Today: International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
- VIDEO: David Jensen on UNEP and Natural Resource Management After Conflict
- Climate-Security Gets "To the Point" Today
- Reporting From Kenya: U.S. Editors Cover Health, Environment, and Security
- The Future of Family Planning Funding
- VIDEO: Scott Radloff on Family Planning Under the Obama Administration
- VIDEO: Carol Dumaine on Energy and Environmental Security in the 21st Century
- October (15)
- VIDEO: José G. Rimon on Key Trends in Funding Family Planning
- VIDEO: Cleo Paskal on How Climate Change Will Destabilize Energy Supplies
- Bringing the Climate Fight to New Battlefields
- Send in the Scientists: Finnish MP Calls for Assessing Toxic Waste Threats in Somalia
- Video: Laurie Mazur on Population, Justice, and the Environmental Challenge
- If It Bleeds It Leads: Pop-Climate Hits the Blogosphere
- VIDEO: Alexander Carius on Climate Change and Security in Europe
- Population’s Links to Climate Change
- Steady Drum Beat for Climate and Security Linkages
- VIDEO: Geoff Dabelko on Environment and Security at Society of Environmental Journalists Conference
- Teaching Demographic Security: Jennifer Sciubba on Explaining Population’s Conflict Links to Undergrads
- Missives From Marrakech: Growing and Slowing, and a Letter From the King
- Watch: Nicholas Kristof on Maternal Mortality
- VIDEO: Nicholas Kristof On Comprehensive Approaches to Family Planning
- Missives From Marrakech: Enter the Environment
- September (15)
- Trees: The Natural Answer to Climate Change, Food Insecurity, and Global Poverty
- Missives From Marrakech: 50 Years of Counting. And Counting.
- Columbia University's Marc Levy on Mapping Population and Geographic Data
- Dutch Minister for Development Cooperation Bert Koenders on the Future of Family Planning
- Weekly Reading
- When Talking Copenhagen, Think Pinch, Not Scoop
- Running on Empty: Pakistan’s Water Crisis
- Wind Farms’ Dirty Laundry Aired in Mexico and the United States
- Combating Climate Change with Condoms
- Going Gaga Over Grain: Pakistan and the International Farms Race
- Weekly Reading
- The Creek Runs Black in West Virginia – and Dry in Mexico City
- Is the White Ribbon the New Black? Making Maternal Health Fashionable
- Weekly Reading
- Connecting the Dots on Natural Interdependence
- August (15)
- Climate Change Is Linked to Security, But Don’t Overplay It
- Half the Sky, All the Promise: The Personal is Political in NYT Special Issue
- Weekly Reading
- Climate Engineering is Untested and Dangerous
- A Response to Will Rogers’ “Budgeting for Climate”
- Video: Roger-Mark De Souza on The Integration Imperative
- How Family Planning Meets Development Goals
- Weekly Reading
- Budgeting for Climate
- Demography and Democracy in Iran
- Copenhagen’s Chance to Reduce Poverty and Improve Human Security
- Weekly Reading
- Focus on Food Security as Clinton Lands in Africa
- Glaciers, Cheetahs, and Nukes, Oh My! EP in the FT
- Going Back to Cali--or Chennai: Cities Should Plan For "Climate Migration"
- July (17)
- Senate, Pentagon Focus on Climate-Security Challenges
- Weekly Reading
- Who Does Development? Civil-Military Relations (Part I)
- Who Does Development? Civil-Military Relations (Part II)
- Weekly Reading
- Clinton, Congress Link Family Planning, Climate Change
- Summer in the City: Water Supplies Fall and Tempers Flare in South Asia
- 9.2 Billion Carbon Copies: The Impact of Demography on Climate Change
- VIDEO: Karen O’Brien on Human Security and the Climate Change Agenda
- Lithium: Are "Blood Batteries" Next?
- Weekly Reading
- Strength in Numbers: Can “Girl Power” Save Us From the Financial Crisis?
- Climate Disequilibrium Puts Human, Ecological Health at Risk
- Post-Conflict Recovery in Biodiversity Hotspots
- VIDEO: Neil Adger on Adapting to Climate Change
- Climate Change Threatens Water Supplies in Australia, California
- VIDEO: Dan Smith on Climate Change, Development, and Peacebuilding
- June (23)
- VIDEO: Jon Barnett on Remembering REDD Realities
- Climate and Migration: Threat or Opportunity?
- Weekly Reading
- VIDEO: Geoff Dabelko on the Global Environmental Change and Human Security Conference (Day Two)
- Strategic Thinking on Climate, Conflict, and Adaptation
- Managing Environmental Conflict in Latin America: Resolution Rests on Inclusion, Communication, Development
- VIDEO: Simon Dalby on ‘Security and Environmental Change’
- VIDEO: Geoff Dabelko on the Global Environmental Change and Human Security Conference
- VIDEO: Jon Barnett on Climate Change, Small Island States, and Migration
- Science Diplomacy: An Expectations Game
- Weekly Reading
- Retired Generals, Admirals Warn of Energy's Security Risks
- Weekly Reading
- At Heavy-Hitting Conference, CNAS Launches Natural Security Program, Blog
- Conflict, Cooperation, and Kabbalah: Lessons for Environmental Negotiations
- The Scoop on Development Reform
- The Indian Ocean: Nexus of Environment, Energy, Trade, and Security
- Weekly Reading
- Climate-Security Links Recognized by UN General Assembly
- Wildlife Trafficking a Silent Menace to Biodiversity
- ‘Earth 2100’ To Explore Climate, Natural Resources, Population Growth
- VIDEO: Environment Key to Resolving Conflicts, Building Peace, Says UN Environment Programme Director Achim Steiner
- Hans Rosling Animates DHS Data, Moves Debate
- May (20)
- Weekly Reading
- AFRICOM Steps Into the Spotlight
- Weekly Reading
- Climate Change Not the Only Environmental Problem, Says U.K. Environment Secretary
- Women’s Rights: A Silver Bullet for Development?
- World-Renowned Inventor Dean Kamen Talks Water, Energy
- The High Politics of a Humble Resource: Water
- Reforming Foreign Assistance: The Quest for the Holy Grail?
- Energy, Climate Change, National Security Are Closely Linked, Assert Retired Generals, Admirals
- Are Fences the Bridge to a Sustainable Future in Kenya?
- Weekly Reading
- Next QDR Could Include Climate Adaptation Measures
- Land Grab: The Race for the World's Farmland
- Weekly Reading
- Projecting Population: A Risky Business
- With Demography, the Devil Is in the Details—and the Assumptions
- Cowboy Logging to Carbon Cowboys: Natural Resources in Indonesia and India
- Under Secretary Flournoy: Climate Change, Demography, Natural Resources Pose Security Challenges
- The Challenge for Africa: A Conversation With Wangari Maathai
- Weekly Reading
- April (21)
- Pakistan’s Daunting—and Deteriorating—Demographic Challenge
- Swine Flu Not Out of the Blue for U.S. Intelligence Community
- Weekly Reading
- Environmental Cooperation Could Boost U.S.-Chinese Military Engagement, Says ECSP Director Dabelko
- Food, Water, Energy, Timber, Population: Do Madagascar’s Forests Stand a Chance?
- Weekly Reading
- Climate Change and “Developed-Country Complacency Syndrome”
- China Eyes Expansion of Electric Cars, With Global Implications for Energy, Climate, Health
- VIDEO: Leona D'Agnes on Population, Health, and Environment
- Hardship in Haiti: Family Planning and Poverty
- In Dealing with Climate Change, A Role for Global Governance
- Water’s Role in International Development
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- From Assessment to Intervention: Redefining UNEP's Role in Conflict Resolution
- VIDEO: Steven Sinding on ‘Making the Case for U.S. International Family Planning Assistance’
- Former USAID Population Directors Argue for Major Boost in Family Planning Funding
- PODCAST - Forests for the Future: Family Planning in Nepal's Terai Arc Landscape
- At the Fifth World Water Forum, Africa Steps Up
- ‘60 Minutes’ Gives Community-Conservation Programs Short Shrift
- VIDEO: Duff Gillespie on ‘Making the Case for U.S. International Family Planning Assistance’
- Grassroots Efforts Help Achieve Population, Health, and Environment Goals in Nepal
- March (23)
- VIDEO: Joseph Speidel on Population, Health, and Environment
- Green Advisers Assisting UN Peacekeeping Troops: Is the Third Time the Charm?
- In Yemen, Water’s Role in the War on Terror
- Weekly Reading
- In Uganda, First Trip for Journalists Bolsters International Reporting
- Teaching Geographic Perspectives on Environmental Security
- Water a National Security Issue, Says Senator Richard Durbin
- Weekly Reading
- VIDEO: Avner Vengosh on Radioactivity in Jordan's Fossil Groundwater
- World Water Forum Receives Icy Welcome From Protesters
- VIDEO: Gidon Bromberg on the Jordan River Peace Park and the Good Water Neighbors Project
- Weekly Reading
- VIDEO: Gidon Bromberg on the Good Water Neighbors Project
- New UNEP Report Explores Environment's Links to Conflict, Peacebuilding
- Specialty Coffee Project Brings Jolt of Attention to Agriculture, Health in Rural Rwanda
- VIDEO: Nick Mabey on Climate Change and Security on the Road to Copenhagen
- Weekly Reading
- Fallout From Jordan's Radioactive Water
- Video: Malcolm Potts on ‘Sex and War’
- Mind the Gap: Forging a Consensus on Security and Climate Change in EU and US Foreign Policy
- VIDEO: From Report 13 - Christian Leuprecht on Migration as the Demographic Wild Card in Civil Conflict
- In Land Grab, Food Is Not the Only Consideration
- Testosterone: The Ultimate Weapon of Mass Destruction?
- February (22)
- Reading Radar -- A Weekly Roundup
- Rwanda: More Than Mountain Gorillas
- From Report 13: Watch Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba on Population in Defense Policy Planning
- East Africa PHE Network: Translating Strong Results Into Informed Policies
- PODCAST - A Discussion on Climate Change and Security: Arctic Links and U.S. Intelligence Community Responses
- Hot Water: High Levels of Radioactivity Found in Jordan's Groundwater
- East Africa Population-Health-Environment Conference Kicks Off in Kigali
- Weekly Reading
- In Kashmir, No Refuge for Wildlife
- New Director of National Intelligence Assesses Climate, Energy, Food, Water, Health
- Weekly Reading
- Pacific Institute's Peter Gleick Piques Interest With "Peak Water"
- In $800 Billion Economic Stimulus Package, Not a Penny for Family Planning
- Global Public Health: An Agenda for the 111th Congress
- For Many, Sea-Level Rise Already an Issue
- Weekly Reading
- This Just In: Panel Ponders Perils to Planetary Reporting
- Watch: Peter Gleick on Peak Water
- VIDEO: Kent Butts on Climate Change, Security, and the U.S. Military
- Developed World's Dominance Declines with Age, Say Demographers
- VIDEO: Jim Jarvie on How Humanitarian Groups Are Responding to Climate Change
- In the Wake of Conflict, Gaza Faces Severe Public Health Challenges
- January (17)
- Weekly Reading
- VIDEO: Christian Leuprecht on Demography, Conflict, and National Security
- Human Health Dependent on Biodiversity, Argue Scientists
- Head of AFRICOM Discusses Civilian-Military Cooperation
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Obama Mentions International Development in Inaugural Address; NGOs Rush to Respond
- In Rio de Janeiro, an Opportunity to Break Barriers
- Population, Family Planning Experts Urge Obama to Make Billion-Plus Investment
- Man vs. Wildlife: Now Playing in Southeast Asia
- United States Elevates Arctic to National Security Prerogative
- Egyptian, Sudanese Governments Stall Nile Treaty
- Weekly Reading
- Natural Gas Standoff Between Russia, Ukraine Brings New Meaning to “Cold War”
- The Air Force’s Softer Side: Airpower, Counterterrorism, and Human Security
- Weekly Reading
- Demography and "Aging Alarmists"
- ‘miniAtlas’ Misses Opportunity to Map Environmental Causes of Conflict
- December (24) ▼ ►
- 2008 (248)
- December (15)
- The 10 Most Popular Posts of 2008
- Could Threat of Regional Cholera Pandemic Finally Topple Zimbabwe’s Mugabe?
- The Biological Roots of Conflict
- VIDEO: Crisis Management and Natural Resources Featuring Charles Kelly
- Weekly Reading
- In Somalia, a Pirate’s Life for Many
- Weekly Reading
- Greening the U.S. Army: Report Calls Environment Critical to Post-Conflict Operations
- Food Production Goes Global, Sparking Land Grabs in Developing World
- South African Water Expert Suspended: Turton Tells Hard Truths – And Pays a Price
- Weekly Reading
- Sustaining the Environment After Crisis and Conflict
- Natural-Resource, Demographic Pressures Collide With Political Repression as Guinea Reaches Potential Breaking Point
- UC Berkeley to Open New Center for Population, Health, and Sustainability
- Coltan, Cell Phones, and Conflict: The War Economy of the DRC
- November (19)
- Development From the Bottom Up and the Top Down
- How to Win (Green) Friends and Influence People (Who Are Interested the Environment)—Without Leaving Your Computer
- “I’d Like to Thank the Academy…”: ‘New Security Beat’ Wins Global Media Award
- Population-Health-Environment Effort Launched in American Samoa
- Weekly Reading
- Cultural Conundrums: ‘State of World Population 2008’
- Climate Change in Mainstream TV and Film: Don’t Be Preachy, Preach Entertainment-Industry Insiders
- PODCAST – Jean-Yves Pirot on PHE Integration and Environmental Management
- Deeper Pockets or Smarter Spending? Reforming U.S. Foreign Assistance
- Weekly Reading
- Can Haiti Change Course Before the Next Storm?
- PODCAST – Lester Brown on Climate Change and Energy Security
- Caroline Thomas: Environmental, Human Security Pioneer
- Weekly Reading
- Fertile Fringes: Population Growth Near Protected Areas
- Field Trips: Success Stories from PHE Programs in Kenya, DRC, and Madagascar
- United Nations Observes International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict
- Support Grows for Integrating Environment, Energy, Economy, Security in U.S. Government
- Probing Population Growth Near Protected Areas
- October (28)
- Weekly Reading
- Cutting Liberian Conflict Timber’s Destructive Impact on Stability, Sustainability
- PODCAST - Wouter Veening on Environment-Security Linkages
- Rebels Overrun Government Troops in Eastern DRC; Thousands Displaced, Including Virunga's Gorilla Rangers
- Prostitution, Agriculture, Development Fuel Human Trafficking in Brazil
- Weekly Reading
- Close Quarters: Population-Climate Panel Draws Crowd at Society of Environmental Journalists’ Annual Conference
- Dictionary of Global Environmental Governance Hits the Mark
- Weekly Reading
- The New U.S. Army Field Manual on Stability Operations: Visionary Shift or Missed Opportunity?
- Watching the World Grow: The Global Implications of Population Growth
- Protecting the Soldier From the Environment and the Environment From the Soldier
- Conservation Learning Exchange Highlights Climate, Energy, Population, Poverty
- The Security Implications of Societies’ Demographic Growing Pains
- Environment, Population in the 2008 National Defense Strategy
- Weekly Reading
- PODCAST - Sharing the Forest: Protecting Gorillas and Helping Families in Uganda
- A Roadmap for Future U.S. International Water Policy
- Dispatches From the World Conservation Congress: Jason Bremner on Healthy Environments, Healthy People
- Dispatches From the World Conservation Congress: Geoff Dabelko on Wartime Environmental Protection, Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
- Netting the Most From Improved Fisheries Governance
- Dispatches From the World Conservation Congress: Geoff Dabelko on Environment, Security
- Dispatches From the World Conservation Congress: John Pielemeier
- ‘Time’ Honors Friends of the Earth Middle East With “Heroes of the Environment 2008” Award
- Weekly Reading
- In Kashmir, Diplomacy Soothes Friction Over Water Resource Management
- Energizing Investors and Innovators to Think Outside the Grid
- How America Gets Its Groove Back: Thomas Friedman Foments a Green Revolution
- September (17)
- Lethal Rockslide in Cairo Slum Reveals Government’s Lack of Preparedness
- Exploring Brazil’s Urucu Natural Gas Fields Sustainably: An Impossible Task?
- The More Things Change…Russia Embraces Free Trade (in Nuclear Waste)
- Weekly Reading
- Senators McCain, Obama Announce Priorities for Alleviating Poverty, Tackling Climate Change at Clinton Global Initiative
- Paul Ehrlich: Human Technological Achievement Has Outpaced Ethical Evolution
- Drought, War, Refugees, Rising Prices Threaten Food Security in Afghanistan
- Weekly Reading
- Niger Delta Militants Escalate Attacks, Days After Government Establishes Ministry to Aid Delta’s Development
- New Video “Water Wars or Water Woes?” Unveils Surprising Truths About Water, Conflict
- Weekly Reading
- “Code Green”: Friedman Calls for an American-Led Revolution in Energy, Environment
- PODCAST - Virunga National Park and Conflict in the DRC
- Middle East at Forefront of Environmental Peacebuilding Initiatives
- Somalia Battered by Drought, Food Shortages, Worsening Violence
- Weekly Reading
- Climate Change and Security
- August (31)
- Amazon Fund to Target Sustainable Development; Strong First Step, Say Experts
- “Adapt we must”: Joshua Busby on the Climate-Security Connection
- Weekly Reading
- Population Growth, Environmental Degradation Threaten Development in Uganda
- UN Environment Programme to Conduct Post-Conflict Assessment in Rwanda
- Virtual Water Is Promising, But Rational Approach to Agriculture Also Needed, Says Water Expert
- “New Demography” Drives World Bank Population Policy in Africa
- Biofuels: Catalyzing Development or Excluding the Poor?
- World Water Week Draws Attention to Taboo Topics Like Sanitation
- Weekly Reading
- Green Revolution Fallout Plagues India’s Punjab Region
- Kenyan Pastoralists Clash With Ugandan Army
- Population Reference Bureau Releases 2008 World Population Data Sheet
- Conflict Over Georgian Pipelines Reveals Europe's Energy Insecurity
- Weekly Reading
- Access to Contraception Could Reduce Maternal Mortality by One Third, World Bank Reports
- No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: Climate Scientists in the Policy Realm
- Update: Conflict in Ossetia
- Senegal’s Burgeoning Cashew Industry Linked to Rebel Movement
- Population, Natural Resource Pressures Could Ignite Human-Wildlife Conflict in Laos
- Conflict Escalates in Resource-Rich South Ossetia
- Weekly Reading
- 2008 Olympics Fuels Burma’s Oppressive Jade Trade
- Egypt Faces Dual Problems of Scarce Water, Food
- Averting a Global Freshwater Crisis
- Testing the Waters: How Common is State-to-State Conflict Over Water?
- Center for American Progress Report Criticizes U.S. Foreign Assistance Approach as Short-Term, Reactive
- “There’s only one health”: AVMA Initiative Emphasizes Links Between Human, Animal, Environmental Health
- Weekly Reading
- Senate Bill Links Population Growth to Conflict, Environmental Degradation
- WWF Uses Integrated Programs to Protect Environment
- July (24)
- Fish Out of Water
- Climate Change, Natural Disasters Disproportionately Affect Women, Report Finds
- Al Jazeera Films the Evaporating Way of Life of Niger’s Tuareg Rebels
- Online Discussions Examine Environment-Migration Connections
- Environment, Population Key Security Concerns in Africa’s Central Albertine Rift
- World Bank: Making Cows Fly?
- Weekly Reading
- Capsized Ship Hamstrings Local Livelihoods in the Philippines
- Three Years Later, “Wall of Trees” Project Launches
- Food, Fish, and Fighting: Agricultural and Marine Resources and Conflict
- Not Enough Water? Not Enough Governance, Says Report
- Defense, Development, Diplomacy Experts Debate DoD’s Role in Development
- Population-Health-Environment Video Featuring Lori Hunter Now on YouTube
- Former HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson Links Global Health, U.S. Security
- Weekly Reading
- PEPFAR Boon to U.S. National Security, Says Senator Richard Lugar
- Population, Health, Environment in Ethiopia: “Now I know my family is too big”
- Weekly Reading
- African Development, Security at Forefront of G8 Summit
- The Changing Countenance of American Security
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- Increasing Human Security Through Water and Sanitation Services in Rural Madagascar
- Aggressive Prevention Measures May Help International Community Avert Major Avian Flu Flap
- For Curitiba’s Legendary City Planners, a Rhapsody in Green
- June (21)
- House Energy Subcommittee Debates Economic, Human, Security Costs of Climate Change
- Weekly Reading
- Growing Food Insecurity Threatens Ethiopians With HIV/AIDS
- Sparks Fly at Joint Hearing on National Intelligence Assessment of Climate Change’s National Security Implications
- Water for the Poor Act Report to Congress Moves Toward Strategic Planning
- 2008 Failed States Index Highlights Remarkable Gains—and Losses
- Council on Foreign Relations Report Calls Climate Change an “Essential” Foreign Policy Issue
- In Ethiopia, Food Security, Population, Climate Change Align
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- Danger: Demographic Change Approaching
- MEND Makes Headlines With Most Ambitious Oil Attack Yet
- New International Peace Institute Paper Examines Resource Scarcity, Insecurity
- Africa Atlas’s Exquisite Images Reveal Effects of 40 Years of Environmental Degradation
- This Mangrove Forest Could Save Your Life: Protected Areas and Disaster Mitigation
- Public Health in the Wake of Disasters: An Overlooked Security Issue
- Weekly Reading
- In Egypt, Record Food Prices Lead to Family Planning
- Climate Change, Resource Scarcity Motivating Local-Level Conflict in West Africa
- Climate Change, Migration, Conflict: Are the Links Overblown?
- A Weekly Roundup
- Not All Water Cooperation Is Pretty
- May (21)
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- Scarcity and Abundance Collide in the Niger Delta
- Brazilian Environment Minister Marina Silva’s Resignation
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- PODCAST - Water Stories with Circle of Blue's Carl Ganter
- New Exhibit Reveals How Inequality, Insecurity Shape Global Health
- “Development in Reverse”: ‘International Studies Quarterly’ Article Links Natural Disasters, Violence
- U.S. Army War College Report Says We Ignore Climate Change Security Risks “At Our Peril”
- Palm Oil Fuels Tensions in Colombia
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- Demographic Change Could Foster Instability, Says CIA Director Michael Hayden
- Questioning Widespread Assumptions on HIV/AIDS, Conflict, Poverty
- ‘Fatal Misconception’: Fatally Flawed?
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- Will Burmese Junta’s Response to Cyclone Nargis Provoke Protests?
- Environmental Security Heats Up ISA 2008
- Ghana’s Oil: Curse or Blessing?
- New ‘Foreign Affairs’ Heavy on Natural Resources, Security
- Weekly Reading
- PODCAST: Natural Resources and Conflict: Advice for Funders
- New Paper Says Longer-Term, Innovative Approach to Security Analysis Needed to Address Climate Change Threats
- April (21)
- Population and Climate: It’s Not Me, It’s You (China), Say Candidates’ Environmental Advisers
- PODCAST – Fishing for Families: Reproductive Health and Integrated Coastal Management in the Philippines
- Peacebuilding Through Joint Water Management
- Paper Tigers? Maoist Victory in Nepal Has Roots in Population Growth, Natural Resource Conflict
- Weekly Reading
- IPCC Head Says Climate Change Could Be “Problem for the Maintenance of Peace”
- Jeffrey Sachs’ Memo to the Next U.S. President
- In the Philippines, High Birth Rates, Pervasive Poverty Are Linked
- Weekly Reading
- Three Out of Three Candidates Agree: Climate Is a Security Issue
- Can Fragile Nations Survive the Food Crisis?
- Poverty, Conflict Core Drivers of State Weakness, Finds Brookings Report
- Climate Change and Instability in West Africa
- Weekly Reading
- Indigenous Ingenuity Frequently Overlooked in Climate Change Discussions
- Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in DRC Destroying Women, Families, Communities
- Climate Change and the DoD
- Changes Wrought By Melting Arctic Demand U.S. Leadership, Argues Expert
- Weekly Reading
- PODCAST – Evaluating Integrated Population-Health-Environment Programs
- U.S. Military Must Respond to Climate Change’s Security Threats, Argues Air University Professor
- March (18)
- Weekly Reading
- Environmental, Demographic Challenges Threaten Latin America's Stability, Prosperity, Say Experts
- Diversifying the Security Toolbox
- Population Takes Center Stage in Online Climate Change Debate
- Minorities Disproportionately Affected by Climate Change
- World Water Day To Highlight Importance of Sanitation
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Update
- Senior Park Ranger Primary Suspect in Gorilla Killings of 2007
- International Cooperation Essential to Solving Global Challenges, Says Sachs
- PODCAST - Mitigating Conflict Through Natural Resource Management
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Rising Food Prices Destabilizing Dozens of Countries
- Climate Change Will Threaten Global, European Security, Says EU Report
- Kenyan Army Cracks Down on Mount Elgon Militia
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Land Continues to Trigger Violence in Kenya
- How Will Population Affect Climate Change?
- PODCAST - Modeling the Future: Population and Climate Change
- February (16)
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Uganda, Rwanda, DRC Join Together to Protect Threatened Mountain Gorillas
- Coca Cultivation Devastating Colombian National Parks
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Niger Delta Violence Requires Comprehensive Solution, Says Nigerian Senator
- Brazilian Security Forces to Help Curb Amazon Deforestation
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Sharing of Chad’s Oil Wealth Is One of Rebels’ Grievances
- Land Distribution Fuels Complex Conflict in Kenya
- Consumption, Population Growth Are Top Environmental Threats, Argues Diamond
- Conflict, Large Youth Cohorts Link Kenya, Gaza
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- PODCAST - Linking Population, Health, and Environment in the Philippines
- China’s Environmental Health Problems Spurring Popular Protests
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Is a Green Revolution in the Works for Sub-Saharan Africa?
- January (17)
- Refugees’ Bushmeat Consumption Threatening Tanzanian Wildlife
- New Report Outlines Impact of Climate Change on Law Enforcement
- Desertification Threatening China’s Human, Economic Health
- Palm Tree Highlights Challenges of Preserving Madagascar's Biodiversity
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- In Davos, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Highlights Water Conflict
- Weekly Reading
- Maternal and Child Nutrition Key to International Security, Prosperity, Say Global Leaders
- New Year Sees Heightened Violence in Niger
- AFRICOM Attentive to Security Implications of Environmental Change, Says Pentagon Official
- PODCAST - Climate Change and National Security: A Discussion with Joshua Busby, Part 1
- Reading Radar-- A Weekly Roundup
- Kenya’s Ethnic Land Strife
- "Bahala na”? Population Growth Brings Water Crisis to the Philippines
- Weekly Reading
- Trip Report: Garmisch, Germany
- PODCAST - Global Media Award Winners Highlight Population Issues
- December (15) ▼ ►
- 2007 (124)
- December (17)
- Weekly Reading
- Melting Arctic Poses Multiple Security Threats, Say Canadian Experts
- Weekly Reading
- PODCAST – New Research on Demography and Conflict: A Discussion with Henrik Urdal
- Climate Change Threatens Middle East, Warns Report
- From the Director's Chair
- China’s Environment: A Few Things We Should Know
- PODCAST – Environmental Security and Regional Cooperation in Central America: A Discussion with Alexander Lopez
- U.S Defense Planners Must Consider Age Structure, Migration, Urbanization, Says Defense Consultant
- Bangladesh’s Stability Threatened by Natural Disasters, Migration, Terrorism
- Agriculture as Key Post-Conflict Step
- NYT Magazine Features “Climate Conflicts” as One of 2007’s Ideas
- Role-Playing—for a Serious Purpose
- Water Causing Tension in Central Asia
- PODCAST - Simulated Negotiations for Integrated Development in East Africa
- Illegal Logging Threatens Ecosystems, Communities
- Environmentalists and Indigenous Peoples: Natural Allies?
- November (13)
- New UN Report Highlights Climate Change, Poverty
- Environmental Peacemaking in the Golan Heights?
- Green Helmets for Gorillas? Weighing the Case for Ecological Intervention
- Sustainable Agriculture Vital to Africa’s Future
- New Carbon Monitoring Website Launched
- Discovery of Oil Destabilizing Great Lakes Region
- New Reading: Environment, Population, and Security in Africa
- The Shifting Discourse on Oil Independence
- Russia in the Arctic: A Race for Oil or Patriotism?
- Public Health Bonanza
- New Climate Change-Security Report Looks Into Three Troubling Futures
- Lieberman-Warner Bill Includes Climate and Conflict Provisions
- UNEP Releases 4th Global Environmental Assessment
- October (11)
- PODCAST – Demography, Environment, and Civil Strife
- DoD Official Fields Bloggers' Questions on AFRICOM
- An (Un)natural Disaster in Nicaragua
- Arctic Update
- Climate Security Assessment Text in Senate Intelligence Bill
- 2007 Nobel Peace Prize Selection Calls Attention to Environment, Security Links
- ‘Lancet’ Series Takes on Energy, Health
- PODCAST - Discussion with Military Expert on Environmental Security
- Thirsty for Change
- Capitol Hill Considers National Security Implications of Climate Change
- Quantitative Study Reveals Link Between Climate Change and Conflict in China
- September (6) ▼ ►
- August (11)
- A Good Woman Is Hard To Find
- Failed States and Foreign Assistance
- A New Cold War in the Arctic?
- The Bewildering Web of U.S. Foreign Assistance
- Closing the Floodgates: Reducing Disaster Risk in South Asia
- ECSP, Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies Dive Into New Media
- Too Big or Too Small? Population Growth and Climate Change
- Biofuels Fueling Conflict: The Need for Solid Research
- University Podcasts Opening Up the Classroom
- Poisonous Emissions Envelop Russian Town
- Warming Up to Migration: Labor Mobility and Climate Change
- July (11)
- Underground Lake in Darfur: Fertile Ground for Cooperation or Conflict?
- PODCAST - Trade, Aid, and Security
- NPR, National Geographic Explore Links Between People and Climate
- AFRICOM and Environmental Security
- The "Crime" of Dialogue
- The Greening of Population
- A Word of Caution on Climate Change and “Refugees”
- Environment and Security News Roundup
- A Hurricane's Uneven Silver Lining
- PODCAST - Unleashing the Potential of Urban Growth
- ‘Lancet’ Challenges HIV, Conflict Correlation
- June (9)
- UN Highlights Climate Change-Security Link in Sudan
- Consequences of Climate Change: Imagining a World Without Tequila and Lattes
- Newfound Migration in Southern Sudan Poses Old Conservation Questions
- PODCAST - The Role of Gender in Population, Health, and Environment Programs
- Women, By the Numbers
- Climate and Security Meets YouTube
- Not So Sweet: Conflict Cocoa in Côte d’Ivoire
- If I Get Sick in a Combat Zone - Nicholas Kristof in Central Africa
- Environmental Trustbuilding Opportunities - DOD and the PLA
- May (3) ▼ ►
- April (10)
- Saving the World
- Climate and Security Reaches a Crescendo
- Generals/Admirals Flag Climate Change
- The New York Times Sees “The Shape of Things to Come” in Very Young Populations
- Pop Goes the Environment: Op-Eds Break the P-E Silence
- Climate and security links heat up
- Environmental Security - It's Big in Europe
- Britain’s Environment Secretary Sees the Security Light
- Climate, Security Bill Introduced in Senate
- The French Connection: Population, Environment, and Development
- March (10)
- Princeton Project Outlines New National Security Strategy
- Seeing is Believing: Environment, Population, and Security in Ethiopia
- Climate Change and Non-Pro: One of These Things is Not Like the Other
- Environment, Population, Conflict Scholar to Washington
- Climate Change Possible Culprit of Darfur Crisis
- Book Review - ‘Bridges Over Water: Understanding Transboundary Water Conflict, Negotiation and Cooperation’
- African Diplomat Discusses Regionalism and AIDS
- A Diversified Agenda for the New Africa Command
- Good Env, Conflict, & Cooperation Resource
- WHO Article Explores Family Planning-Poverty Link
- February (7)
- March Conference on Population, Development, and the Environment
- Where the Wild Things Aren’t: Grim Outlook for Asia’s Forests and Animals
- Water Stress Increasing; Management Still the Answer
- U.S. Forgives Liberian Debt; Now Only a Few Billion More to Go
- Reforestation in Niger: Is It a Model for Success?
- Dems, Bush Agree on Combating Pandemics
- Will Climate Change Ignite Terrorism?
- January (16)
- United States Funds Antiretrovirals for Vietnamese Military
- European Conference: Integrating Environment, Development, and Conflict Prevention
- Wood Gathering Risky Business for Ethiopian Girls, Women
- Pentagon Source on Environmental Activities
- Tackle Violence to Address AIDS, Say Experts
- UN: Environment Threatened in Post-Conflict Lebanon
- Environment, Poverty, Security: What’s Population Got to Do With It? ‘(Online Discussion)’
- Poor Aid, Trade Policies Can Undermine Security, Say Authors of New Volume
- China Pledges to Address Gender Imbalance
- As Population Grows, Persian Gulf Anticipates Water Shortage
- Sachs: Poverty Alleviation Route to Security
- Caucuses Discuss Environment’s Impact on Security
- Global Risk Factors
- Pakistan Promotes Contraception to Slow Growth
- Measuring the Global Glass Ceiling
- Welcome to Our New Blog!
- December (17) ▼ ►
What We’re Tweeting
What You’re Saying
- Natural Power: Sustainability Policies and Practices at the New York Power Authority Thursday, June 13, 2013
- Harmony in the Forest: Improving Habitats for Species and People in East Asia Thursday, May 30, 2013
- The GEF Looking Forward Monday, May 20, 2013
- Backdraft: The Conflict Potential of Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation (Report Launch) Thursday, May 16, 2013
- Girls on the Move: Adolescent Girls and Migration in the Developing World Tuesday, May 14, 2013
- Hans Rosling: the man who's making data cool Friday, May 17, 2013
- Challenges to improving health care in Pakistan Friday, May 17, 2013
- South Asia in Search of Coordinated Climate Policy Friday, May 17, 2013
- Climate refugees? Where's the dignity in that? Friday, May 17, 2013
- Why are so many diplomatic crises sparked by fishermen? Friday, May 17, 2013
- Schuyler Null // Managing Editor
- Meaghan Parker // Editor
- Sean Peoples // Media Editor
- Kate Diamond // Contributing Editor
- Geoff Dabelko // Senior Advisor
- Sandeep Bathala
- Richard Cincotta
- Lauren Herzer
- Michael Kugelman
- Carolyn Lamere
- Elizabeth Leahy Madsen
- Laurie Mazur
- Kathleen Mogelgaard
- Graham Norwood
- Maria Prebble